Articles | Volume 16, issue 8
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-5063-2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-5063-2016
Research article
 | 
22 Apr 2016
Research article |  | 22 Apr 2016

Aerosol optical depth trend over the Middle East

Klaus Klingmüller, Andrea Pozzer, Swen Metzger, Georgiy L. Stenchikov, and Jos Lelieveld

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Cited articles

Abdelkader, M., Metzger, S., Mamouri, R. E., Astitha, M., Barrie, L., Levin, Z., and Lelieveld, J.: Dust–air pollution dynamics over the eastern Mediterranean, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9173–9189, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-9173-2015, 2015.
AERONET: available at: http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov, last access: 31 August 2015.
Astitha, M., Lelieveld, J., Abdel Kader, M., Pozzer, A., and de Meij, A.: Parameterization of dust emissions in the global atmospheric chemistry-climate model EMAC: impact of nudging and soil properties, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 11057–11083, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-11057-2012, 2012.
Balkanski, Y., Schulz, M., Claquin, T., Moulin, C., and Ginoux, P.: Global emissions of mineral aerosol: formulation and validation using satellite imagery, in: Emissions of Atmospheric Trace Compounds, edited by: Granier, C., Artaxo, P., and Reeves, C., Vol. 18 of Adv. Glob. Change Res., Springer, the Netherlands, 239–267, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2167-1_6, 2004.
CMAP: available at: ftp://ftp.cdc.noaa.gov/Datasets/cmap/, last access: 31 August 2015.
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Short summary
During the last decade, the Middle East experienced the strongest increase in atmospheric aerosol concentrations worldwide. Based on satellite observations, the present study corroborates this trend and reveals correlations with soil moisture and precipitation in and surrounding the Fertile Crescent. This suggests that the increasing drought conditions in this region have enhanced dust emissions, a tendency which is expected to be intensified by climate change.
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