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Volume 16, issue 22
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14527–14543, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14527-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14527–14543, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14527-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 23 Nov 2016

Research article | 23 Nov 2016

Detection of atmospheric gaseous amines and amides by a high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer with protonated ethanol reagent ions

Lei Yao et al.

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Barnes, I., Solignac, G., Mellouki, A., and Becker, K. H.: Aspects of the Atmospheric Chemistry of Amides, Chem. Phys. Chem., 11, 3844–3857, https://doi.org/10.1002/cphc.201000374, 2010.
Barsanti, K. C. and Pankow, J. F.: Thermodynamics of the formation of atmospheric organic particulate matter by accretion reactions – Part 3: Carboxylic and dicarboxylic acids, Atmos. Environ., 40, 6676–6686, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.03.013, 2006.
Berndt, T., Stratmann, F., Sipilä, M., Vanhanen, J., Petäjä, T., Mikkilä, J., Grüner, A., Spindler, G., Lee Mauldin III, R., Curtius, J., Kulmala, M., and Heintzenberg, J.: Laboratory study on new particle formation from the reaction OH + SO2: influence of experimental conditions, H2O vapour, NH3 and the amine tert-butylamine on the overall process, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7101–7116, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-7101-2010, 2010.
Bertram, T. H., Kimmel, J. R., Crisp, T. A., Ryder, O. S., Yatavelli, R. L. N., Thornton, J. A., Cubison, M. J., Gonin, M., and Worsnop, D. R.: A field-deployable, chemical ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 1471–1479, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-4-1471-2011, 2011.
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We present the development of a high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer (HR-ToF-CIMS) method, utilizing protonated ethanol as reagent ions to simultaneously detect atmospheric gaseous amines (C1 to C6) and amides (C1 to C6). Deployment of this ethanol HR-ToF-CIMS has been demonstrated in a field campaign in urban Shanghai, China, detecting amines (from a few pptv to hundreds of pptv) and amides (from tens of pptv to a few ppbv).
We present the development of a high-resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass...
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