Articles | Volume 20, issue 19
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 11423–11433, 2020
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 11423–11433, 2020

Research article 06 Oct 2020

Research article | 06 Oct 2020

Increases in surface ozone pollution in China from 2013 to 2019: anthropogenic and meteorological influences

Ke Li et al.

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Cited articles

Boersma, K. F., Eskes, H. J., Richter, A., De Smedt, I., Lorente, A., Beirle, S., van Geffen, J. H. G. M., Zara, M., Peters, E., Van Roozendael, M., Wagner, T., Maasakkers, J. D., van der A, R. J., Nightingale, J., De Rudder, A., Irie, H., Pinardi, G., Lambert, J.-C., and Compernolle, S. C.: Improving algorithms and uncertainty estimates for satellite NO2 retrievals: results from the quality assurance for the essential climate variables (QA4ECV) project, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6651–6678,, 2018. 
Chen, R. and Lu, R.: Role of Large-Scale Circulation and Terrain in Causing Extreme Heat in Western North China, J. Climate, 29, 2511–2527,, 2016. 
Chen, Z., Chen, D., Kwan, M.-P., Chen, B., Gao, B., Zhuang, Y., Li, R., and Xu, B.: The control of anthropogenic emissions contributed to 80 % of the decrease in PM2.5 concentrations in Beijing from 2013 to 2017, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 13519–13533,, 2019. 
Chinese State Council: Action Plan on Air Pollution Prevention and Control (in Chinese), available at: (last access: 28 February 2020), 2013. 
Chinese State Council: Three-Year Action Plan on Defending the Blue Sky (in Chinese), available at: (last access: 28 February 2020), 2018. 
Short summary
Surface summer ozone increased in China from 2013 to 2019 despite new governmental efforts targeting ozone pollution. We find that the ozone increase is mostly due to anthropogenic drivers, although meteorology also plays a role. Further analysis for the North China Plain shows that PM2.5 continued to decrease through 2019, while emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) stayed flat. This could explain the anthropogenic increase in ozone, as PM2.5 scavenges the radical precursors of ozone.