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We report a modeling study investigating the uncertainties in ozone production in Europe. Using various methods for different emission and meteorological scenarios, we searched for the possible reasons for underestimation of high ozone levels in Europe by models. Our results suggest that emissions, especially NOx, might be too low in the European inventories. Improvement of the modeled ozone production will contribute to more consistent and effective ozone mitigation strategies for the future.
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ACP | Articles | Volume 18, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 2175–2198, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-2175-2018
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 2175–2198, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-2175-2018

Research article 14 Feb 2018

Research article | 14 Feb 2018

Low modeled ozone production suggests underestimation of precursor emissions (especially NOx) in Europe

Emmanouil Oikonomakis et al.

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Cited articles

Aksoyoglu, S., Keller, J., Oderbolz, D. C., Barmpadimos, I., Prévôt, A. S., and Baltensperger, U.: Sensitivity of ozone and aerosols to precursor emissions in Europe, Int. J. Environ. Pollut., 50, 451–459, https://doi.org/10.1504/ijep.2012.051215, 2012. 
Aksoyoglu, S., Baltensperger, U., and Prévôt, A. S. H.: Contribution of ship emissions to the concentration and deposition of air pollutants in Europe, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 1895–1906, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-1895-2016, 2016. 
Alves, C. A., Calvo, A. I., Lopes, D. J., Nunes, T., Charron, A., Goriaux, M., Tassel, P., and Perret, P.: Emissions of Euro 3-5 Passenger Cars Measured Over Different Driving Cycles, Int. J. Environ. Chem. Ecol. Geol. Geophys. Eng., 78, 294–297, 2013. 
Andreani-Aksoyoglu, S. and Keller, J.: Estimates of monoterpene and isoprene emissions from the forests in Switzerland, J. Atmos. Chem., 20, 71–87, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01099919, 1995. 
Anenberg, S. C., Miller, J., Minjares, R., Du, L., Henze, D. K., Lacey, F., Malley, C. S., Emberson, L., Franco, V., and Klimont, Z.: Impacts and mitigation of excess diesel-related NOx emissions in 11 major vehicle markets, Nature, 545, 467–471, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22086, 2017. 
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Short summary
We report a modeling study investigating the uncertainties in ozone production in Europe. Using various methods for different emission and meteorological scenarios, we searched for the possible reasons for underestimation of high ozone levels in Europe by models. Our results suggest that emissions, especially NOx, might be too low in the European inventories. Improvement of the modeled ozone production will contribute to more consistent and effective ozone mitigation strategies for the future.
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