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Volume 15, issue 16
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9477–9500, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-9477-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: The Pan European Gas-Aerosols Climate Interaction Study...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9477–9500, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-9477-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 25 Aug 2015

Research article | 25 Aug 2015

Modelled and observed changes in aerosols and surface solar radiation over Europe between 1960 and 2009

S. T. Turnock et al.

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Cited articles

Allen, R. J., Norris, J. R., and Wild, M.: Evaluation of multidecadal variability in CMIP5 surface solar radiation and inferred underestimation of aerosol direct effects over Europe, China, Japan, and India, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 6311–6336, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50426, 2013.
Arneth, A., Unger, N., Kulmala, M., and Andreae, M. O.: Clean the Air, Heat the Planet?, Science, 326, 672–673, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1181568, 2009.
Barmpadimos, I., Keller, J., Oderbolz, D., Hueglin, C., and Prévôt, A. S. H.: One decade of parallel fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM10–PM2.5) particulate matter measurements in Europe: trends and variability, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3189–3203, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-3189-2012, 2012.
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We evaluate HadGEM3-UKCA over Europe for the period 1960-2009 against observations of aerosol mass and number, aerosol optical depth (AOD) and surface solar radiation (SSR). The model underestimates aerosol mass and number but is less biased if compared to AOD and SSR. Observed trends in aerosols are well simulated by the model and necessary for reproducing the observed increase in SSR since 1990. European all-sky top of atmosphere aerosol radiative forcing increased by > 3 Wm-2 from 1970 to 2009.
We evaluate HadGEM3-UKCA over Europe for the period 1960-2009 against observations of aerosol...
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