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We present a climatology of mid-latitude cirrus cloud properties based on 13 000 hours of automatically analyzed lidar measurements at three different sites. Jungfraujoch, situated at 3580 m a.s.l., is found to be ideal to measure high and optically thin cirrus. We use our retrieved optical properties together with a radiation model and estimate the radiative forcing by mid-latitude cirrus. All cirrus clouds detected here have a positive net radiative effect.
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Articles | Volume 16, issue 12
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 7605–7621, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-7605-2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 7605–7621, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-7605-2016

Research article 22 Jun 2016

Research article | 22 Jun 2016

Climatological and radiative properties of midlatitude cirrus clouds derived by automatic evaluation of lidar measurements

Erika Kienast-Sjögren et al.

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Cited articles

Achtert, P., Khaplanov, M., Khosrawi, F., and Gumbel, J.: Pure rotational-Raman channels of the Esrange lidar for temperature and particle extinction measurements in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 91–98, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-6-91-2013, 2013.
Ackermann, J.: The extinction-to-backscatter ratio of tropospheric aerosol: A numerical study, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 15, 1043–1050, 1998.
Ansmann, A., Wandinger, U., Riebesell, M., Weitkamp, C., and Michaelis, W.: Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar, Appl. Optics, 31, 7113–7131, 1992.
Arshinov, Y. and Bobrovnikov, S.: Use of a Fabry–Perot interferometer to isolate pure rotational Raman spectra of diatomic molecules, Appl. Optics, 21, 4635–4638, https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.004635, 1999.
Boucher, O., Randal, D., Artaxo, P., Bretherton, C., Feingold, G., Forster, P., Kerminen, V.-M., Kondo, Y., Liao, H., Lohmann, U., Rasch, P., Satheesh, S. K., Sherwood, S., Stevens, B., and Zhang, X. Y.: Clouds and Aerosols, in: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by: Stocker, T. F., Qin, D., Plattner, G.-K., Tignor, M., Allen, S. K., Boschung, J., Nauels, A., Xia, Y., Bex, V., and Midgley, P. M., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA, 571–658, https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.016, 2013.
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Short summary
We present a climatology of mid-latitude cirrus cloud properties based on 13 000 hours of automatically analyzed lidar measurements at three different sites. Jungfraujoch, situated at 3580 m a.s.l., is found to be ideal to measure high and optically thin cirrus. We use our retrieved optical properties together with a radiation model and estimate the radiative forcing by mid-latitude cirrus. All cirrus clouds detected here have a positive net radiative effect.
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