Articles | Volume 18, issue 12
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 9011–9023, 2018
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 9011–9023, 2018
Research article
28 Jun 2018
Research article | 28 Jun 2018

Comparison of primary aerosol emission and secondary aerosol formation from gasoline direct injection and port fuel injection vehicles

Zhuofei Du et al.

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Cited articles

Alkidas, A. C.: Combustion advancements in gasoline engines, Energ. Convers. Manage., 48, 2751–2761,, 2007. 
Chen, L., Liang, Z., Zhang, X., and Shuai, S.: Characterizing particulate matter emissions from GDI and PFI vehicles under transient and cold start conditions, Fuel, 189, 131–140,, 2017. 
DeCarlo, P. F., Kimmel, J. R., Trimborn, A., Northway, M. J., Jayne, J. T., Aiken, A. C., Gonin, M., Fuhrer, K., Horvath, T., Docherty, K. S., Worsnop, D. R., and Jimenez, J. L.: Field-deployable, high-resolution, time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer, Anal. Chem., 78, 8281–8289,, 2006. 
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Short summary
By combining approaches involving chassis dynamometer measurements and environmental chamber simulations, we find that gasoline direct injection (GDI) vehicles contribute more primary aerosol and secondary organic aerosol than port fuel injection (PFI) vehicles. Our results highlight the considerable potential contribution of GDI vehicles to urban air pollution, since the market share of GDI vehicles will dominate over that of PFI vehicles in the future.
Final-revised paper