Contribution of marine biological emissions to gaseous methylamines in the atmosphere: an emission inventory based on satellite data
- 1School of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University and Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai, 519082, China
- 2Tianjin Air Pollution Control Laboratory, Tianjin Academy of Eco-Environmental Sciences, Tianjin, 300191, PR China
- 3Guangdong-Hongkong-Macau Joint Laboratory of Collaborative Innovation for Environmental Quality, Institute for Environmental and Climate Research, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China
- 4Guangdong Provincial Field Observation and Research Station for Climate Environment and Air Quality Change in the Pearl River Estuary, Guangzhou, 510275, China
- 5Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 117576, Singapore
- 6Division of Engineering, New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, P.O. Box 129188, United Arab Emirates
- 7School of Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mandi, Kamand, Himachal Pradesh 175075, India
- 8Scientific Research Academy of Guangxi Environmental Protection, Nanning, 530022, China
Abstract. Methylamines can readily react with acidic gases in the atmosphere, which consequently has an important impact on the atmospheric environment. It is difficult to measure amines in field studies due to their high reactivity, and therefore, numerical modelling is an effective tool to study ambient amines. However, the contribution of marine biological emissions (MBE), an important source of methylamines (MA), has been insufficiently investigated in the current emission inventory. Therefore, this study utilized satellite data such as Sea Surface Temperature (SST), Chlorophyll-a (Chla), Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) and model simulation data (Wind Speed, WS) to establish a more reasonable MBE inventory of amines. Spatial and temporal distribution of methylamine emissions indicates that MBE fluxes of monomethylamine (MMA) and trimethylamines (TMA) can be comparable with or even higher than that of terrestrial anthropogenic emissions (AE), while for dimethylamines (DMA), the ocean acts as a sink. The method used in this study can better reflect the exchange direction of amines between ocean and atmosphere, and reflect the emission characteristics of different amines. From WRF-Chem simulation results, the concentration of amines in the coastline was found to increase significantly due to the contribution of MBE. Wind and Chla were potentially the most important factors affecting MBE fluxes. WS is directly used in the calculation of ocean-atmosphere exchange coefficient Kg, and the direction of the prevailing winds in different seasons affects the area of influence of the MBE. Chla indirectly influences the calculation results of exchange flux by affecting the calculation of pH. In addition, the emission fluxes and spatial distribution of AE and wet deposition also affect the simulation of amines.
Qi Zhang et al.
Status: final response (author comments only)
RC1: 'Comment on acp-2022-394', Anonymous Referee #1, 29 Jul 2022
- AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Xuemei Wang, 10 Jan 2023
- RC2: 'Comment on acp-2022-394', Anonymous Referee #2, 05 Aug 2022
Qi Zhang et al.
Qi Zhang et al.
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