Articles | Volume 18, issue 2
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 1023–1043, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-1023-2018
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 1023–1043, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-1023-2018

Research article 26 Jan 2018

Research article | 26 Jan 2018

A detailed characterization of the Saharan dust collected during the Fennec campaign in 2011: in situ ground-based and laboratory measurements

Adriana Rocha-Lima et al.

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Cited articles

Allen, C. J. T., Washington, R., and Engelstaedter, S.: Dust emission and transport mechanisms in the central Sahara: Fennec ground-based observations from Bordj Badji Mokhtar, June 2011, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 6212–6232, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50534, 2013. a, b, c
Ansmann, A., Petzold, A., Kandler, K., Tegen, I., Wendisch, M., Müller, D., Weinzierl, B., Müller, T. and Heintzenberg, J.: Saharan Mineral Dust Experiments SAMUM-1 and SAMUM-2: what have we learned?, Tellus B, 63, 403–429, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00555.x, 2011. a, b, c, d, e, f, g
Atkinson, J. D., Murray, B. J., Woodhouse, M. T., Whale, T. F., Baustian, K. J., Carslaw, K. S., Dobbie, S., O'Sullivan, D., Malkin, T. L.: The importance of feldspar for ice nucleation by mineral dust in mixed-phase clouds, Nature, 498, 355–358, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12278, 2013. a
ATSDR – Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Toxicological profile for Vanadium. Atlanta, US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Atlanta, GA, USA, 2012. a
Balkanski, Y., Schulz, M., Claquin, T., and Guibert, S.: Reevaluation of Mineral aerosol radiative forcings suggests a better agreement with satellite and AERONET data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 81–95, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-7-81-2007, 2007. a, b
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We present results of ground-based measurements and subsequent laboratory analysis of Sahara dust samples collected in Algeria and Mauritania during the Fennec campaign in 2011. The results show that the sampled dust has low absorption characteristics and exhibits a distinct spectral bow-like shape. We find distinctive differences in the composition and optical characteristics of the dust from the two sites, corroborating with other studies that not all Saharan dust is the same.
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