Articles | Volume 16, issue 15
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 10083–10095, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-10083-2016

Special issue: The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP):...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 10083–10095, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-10083-2016

Research article 11 Aug 2016

Research article | 11 Aug 2016

Changes in the width of the tropical belt due to simple radiative forcing changes in the GeoMIP simulations

Nicholas A. Davis et al.

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Cited articles

Adam, O., Schneider, T., and Harnik, N.: Role of Changes in Mean Temperatures versus Temperature Gradients in the Recent Widening of the Hadley Circulation, J. Climate, 27, 7450–7461, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00140.1, 2014.
Allen, R. J. and Sherwood, S. C.: The impact of natural versus anthropogenic aerosols on atmospheric circulation in the Community Atmosphere Model, Clim. Dynam., 36, 1959–1978, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0898-8, 2011.
Allen, R. J., Sherwood, S. C., Norris, J. R., and Zender, C. S.: Recent Northern Hemisphere tropical expansion primarily driven by black carbon and tropospheric ozone, Nature, 485, 350–354, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11097, 2012.
Allen, R. J., Norris, J. R., and Kovilakam, M.: Influence of anthropogenic aerosols and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation on tropical belt width, Nat. Geosci., 7, 270–274, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2091, 2014.
Ao, C. O. and Hajj, A. J.: Monitoring the width of the tropical belt with GPS radio occultation measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 6236–6241, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058203, 2013.
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In the Hadley cells, air rises at the Equator and sinks over the subtropics, drying the air and creating deserts on land. We investigated simple climate model experiments and found that the Hadley cells expand in response to increasing carbon dioxide. The climate of some models warms more than others, and these models also have greater Hadley cell expansion. This expansion could shift deserts toward more populated areas, with potentially major impacts on water resources and surface climate.
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