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We analyse the change in the circulation of the middle atmosphere based on current generation meteorological reanalysis data sets. We find that long-term changes from 1989 to 2015 are similar for the chosen reanalyses, mainly resembling the forced response in climate model simulations to climate change. For shorter periods circulation changes are less robust, and the representation of decadal variability appears to be a major uncertainty for modelling the circulation of the middle atmosphere.
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ACP | Articles | Volume 19, issue 9
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6085–6105, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-6085-2019

Special issue: The SPARC Reanalysis Intercomparison Project (S-RIP) (ACP/ESSD...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6085–6105, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-6085-2019

Research article 08 May 2019

Research article | 08 May 2019

How robust are stratospheric age of air trends from different reanalyses?

Felix Ploeger et al.

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Cited articles

Abalos, M., Legras, B., Ploeger, F., and Randel, W. J.: Evaluating the advective Brewer-Dobson circulation in three reanalyses for the period 1979–2012, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 7534–7554, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JD023182, 2015. a, b, c
Abalos, M., Shuckburgh, E., and Legras, B.: Interannual variability in effective diffusivity in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere from reanalysis data, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 142, 1847–1861, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2779, 2016. a
Abalos, M., Polvani, L., M., Calvo, N., Kinnison, D., Ploeger, F., Randel, W., J., and Solomon, S.: New insights on the impact of ozone-depleting substances on the Brewer-Dobson circulation, J. Geophys. Res., 124, 2435–2451, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029301, 2019. a
Andrews, A. E., Boering, K. A., Daube, B. C., Wofsy, S. C., Hintsa, E. J., Weinstock, E. M., and Bui, T. B.: Empirical age spectra for the lower tropical stratosphere from in situ observations of CO2: Implications for stratospheric transport, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 26.581–26.595, 1999. a
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Short summary
We analyse the change in the circulation of the middle atmosphere based on current generation meteorological reanalysis data sets. We find that long-term changes from 1989 to 2015 are similar for the chosen reanalyses, mainly resembling the forced response in climate model simulations to climate change. For shorter periods circulation changes are less robust, and the representation of decadal variability appears to be a major uncertainty for modelling the circulation of the middle atmosphere.
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