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We investigate the contribution of tropopause folds in the summertime tropospheric ozone pool over the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East. For this purpose we use the EMAC atmospheric chemistry–climate model and a fold identification algorithm. A clear increase of ozone is found in the middle troposphere due to fold activity. The interannual variability of near-surface ozone over the eastern Mediterranean is related to that of both tropopause folds and ozone in the free troposphere.
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Articles | Volume 16, issue 21
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14025–14039, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14025-2016

Special issue: The Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy) (ACP/GMD inter-journal...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14025–14039, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14025-2016

Research article 11 Nov 2016

Research article | 11 Nov 2016

On the role of tropopause folds in summertime tropospheric ozone over the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East

Dimitris Akritidis et al.

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Cited articles

Akritidis, D., Zanis, P., Pytharoulis, I., Mavrakis, A., and Karacostas, T.: A deep stratospheric intrusion event down to the earth's surface of the megacity of Athens, Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 109, 9–18, 2010.
Anagnostopoulou, C., Zanis, P., Katragkou, E., Tegoulias, I., and Tolika, K.: Recent past and future patterns of the Etesian winds based on regional scale climate model simulations, Clim. Dynam., 42, 1819–1836, 2014.
Appenzeller, C. and Davies, H.: Structure of stratospheric intrusions into the troposphere, Nature, 358, 570–572, 1992.
Carapiperis, L. N.: On the periodicity of the Etesians in Athens, Weather, 6, 378–379, 1951.
Crutzen, P. J.: Photochemical reactions initiated by and influencing ozone in unpolluted tropospheric air, Tellus, 26, 47–57, 1974.
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Short summary
We investigate the contribution of tropopause folds in the summertime tropospheric ozone pool over the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East. For this purpose we use the EMAC atmospheric chemistry–climate model and a fold identification algorithm. A clear increase of ozone is found in the middle troposphere due to fold activity. The interannual variability of near-surface ozone over the eastern Mediterranean is related to that of both tropopause folds and ozone in the free troposphere.
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