Articles | Volume 17, issue 2
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 769–791, 2017
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 769–791, 2017

Research article 18 Jan 2017

Research article | 18 Jan 2017

Impact of dust size parameterizations on aerosol burden and radiative forcing in RegCM4

Athanasios Tsikerdekis1, Prodromos Zanis1, Allison L. Steiner2, Fabien Solmon3, Vassilis Amiridis4, Eleni Marinou4,5, Eleni Katragkou1, Theodoros Karacostas1, and Gilles Foret6 Athanasios Tsikerdekis et al.
  • 1Department of Meteorology and Climatology, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 2Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  • 3Earth System Physics Section, The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, 34100 Trieste, Italy
  • 4Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Application and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Athens, Greece
  • 5Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 6Laboratoire Inter-universitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA), UMR7583, Universités Paris-Est Créteil et Paris Diderot, CNRS, Créteil, France

Abstract. We investigate the sensitivity of aerosol representation in the regional climate model RegCM4 for two dust parameterizations for the period 2007–2014 over the Sahara and the Mediterranean. We apply two discretization methods of the dust size distribution keeping the total mass constant: (1) the default RegCM4 4-bin approach, where the size range of each bin is calculated using an equal, logarithmic separation of the total size range of dust, using the diameter of dust particles, and (2) a newly implemented 12-bin approach with each bin defined according to an isogradient method where the size ranges are dependent on the dry deposition velocity of dust particles. Increasing the number of transported dust size bins theoretically improves the representation of the physical properties of dust particles within the same size bin. Thus, more size bins improve the simulation of atmospheric processes. The radiative effects of dust over the area are discussed and evaluated with the CALIPSO dust optical depth (DOD). This study is among the first studies evaluating the vertical profile of simulated dust with a pure dust product. Reanalysis winds from ERA-Interim and the total precipitation flux from the Climate Research Unit (CRU) observational gridded database are used to evaluate and explain the discrepancies between model and observations. The new dust binning approach increases the dust column burden by 4 and 3 % for fine and coarse particles, respectively, which increases DOD by 10 % over the desert and the Mediterranean. Consequently, negative shortwave radiative forcing (RF) is enhanced by more than 10 % at the top of the atmosphere and by 1 to 5 % on the surface. Positive longwave RF locally increases by more than 0.1 W m−2 in a large portion of the Sahara, the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East. The four-bin isolog method is to some extent numerically efficient, nevertheless our work highlights that the simplified representation of the four-bin approach produces less dust optical depth and RF, a fact that should be taken into account by future studies of the same region.

Short summary
Dust is the most abundant aerosol in the atmosphere, considerably affecting Earth's climate. We use a new dust size discretization that improves the physical representation of dust in a regional climate model. This study is among the first studies evaluating the vertical profile of simulated dust with a pure dust product. The new dust size discretization increases dust optical depth by 10 % over the desert and Mediterranean. Consequently, the dust SW and LW radiative forcing is enhanced by 10 %.
Final-revised paper