Articles | Volume 18, issue 17
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 13055–13073, 2018

Special issue: Water vapour in the upper troposphere and middle atmosphere:...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 13055–13073, 2018

Research article 11 Sep 2018

Research article | 11 Sep 2018

Response of stratospheric water vapor and ozone to the unusual timing of El Niño and the QBO disruption in 2015–2016

Mohamadou Diallo et al.

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Cited articles

Abalos, M., Ploeger, F., Konopka, P., Randel, W. J., and Serrano, E.: Ozone seasonality above the tropical tropopause: reconciling the Eulerian and Lagrangian perspectives of transport processes, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10787–10794,, 2013. a
Anstey, J. A. and Shepherd, T. G.: High-latitude influence of the quasi-biennial oscillation, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 140, 1–21,, 2014. a
Avery, M. A., Davis, S. M., Rosenlof, K. H., Ye, H., and Dessler, A. E.: Large anomalies in lower stratospheric water vapour and ice during the 2015–2016 El Niño, Nat. Geosci., 10, 405–409,, 2017. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i
Baldwin, M. P. and Dunkerton, T. J.: Quasi-biennial modulation of the southern hemisphere stratospheric polar vortex, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3343–3346,, 1998. a
Baldwin, M. P. and O'Sullivan, D.: Stratospheric Effects of ENSO-Related Tropospheric Circulation Anomalies, J. Climate, 8, 649–667,<0649:SEOERT>2.0.CO;2, 1995. a
Short summary
The unprecedented timing of an El Niño event aligned with the disrupted QBO in 2015–2016 caused a perturbation to the stratospheric circulation, affecting trace gases. This paper resolves the puzzling response of the lower stratospheric water vapor by showing that the QBO disruption reversed the lower stratosphere moistening triggered by the alignment of the El Niño event with a westerly QBO in early boreal winter.
Final-revised paper