Articles | Volume 23, issue 18
Research article
26 Sep 2023
Research article |  | 26 Sep 2023

On the pattern of interannual polar vortex–ozone co-variability during northern hemispheric winter

Frederik Harzer, Hella Garny, Felix Ploeger, Harald Bönisch, Peter Hoor, and Thomas Birner

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Cited articles

Abalos, M., Legras, B., Ploeger, F., and Randel, W. J.: Evaluating the advective Brewer-Dobson circulation in three reanalyses for the period 1979–2012, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 120, 7534–7554,, 2015. a
Adam, O., Grise, K. M., Staten, P., Simpson, I. R., Davis, S. M., Davis, N. A., Waugh, D. W., Birner, T., and Ming, A.: The TropD software package (v1): standardized methods for calculating tropical-width diagnostics, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 4339–4357,, 2018. a
Albers, J. R., Perlwitz, J., Butler, A. H., Birner, T., Kiladis, G. N., Lawrence, Z. D., Manney, G. L., Langford, A. O., and Dias, J.: Mechanisms governing interannual variability of stratosphere-to-troposphere ozone transport, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 123, 234–260,, 2018. a
Andrews, D. G., Holton, J. R., and Leovy, C. B.: Middle atmosphere dynamics, International Geophysics, vol. 40, Academic Press, ISBN 9780120585762, 1987. a, b
Bahramvash Shams, S., Walden, V. P., Hannigan, J. W., Randel, W. J., Petropavlovskikh, I. V., Butler, A. H., and de la Cámara, A.: Analyzing ozone variations and uncertainties at high latitudes during sudden stratospheric warming events using MERRA-2, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 5435–5458,, 2022. a, b
Short summary
We study the statistical relation between year-by-year fluctuations in winter-mean ozone and the strength of the stratospheric polar vortex. In the latitude–pressure plane, regression analysis shows that anomalously weak polar vortex years are associated with three pronounced local ozone maxima over the polar cap relative to the winter climatology. These response maxima primarily reflect the non-trivial combination of different ozone transport processes with varying relative contributions.
Final-revised paper