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We have conducted a perturbed parameter model ensemble to investigate Mt. Pinatubo's 1991 initial sulfur mass emission. Our results suggest that (a) the initial mass loading of the Pinatubo eruption is ~14 Mt of SO2; (b) the injection vertical distribution is strongly skewed towards the lower stratosphere, leading to a peak mass sulfur injection at 18-21 km; (c) the injection magnitude and height affect early southward transport of the volcanic cloud observed by SAGE II.
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Articles | Volume 15, issue 20
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 11501–11512, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-11501-2015
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 11501–11512, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-11501-2015

Research article 19 Oct 2015

Research article | 19 Oct 2015

A perturbed parameter model ensemble to investigate Mt. Pinatubo's 1991 initial sulfur mass emission

J.-X. Sheng et al.

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Cited articles

Aquila, V., Oman, L. D., Stolarski, R. S., Colarco, P. R., and Newman, P. A.: Dispersion of the volcanic sulfate cloud from a Mount Pinatubo–like eruption, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 117, D06216, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016968, 2012.
Arfeuille, F., Luo, B. P., Heckendorn, P., Weisenstein, D., Sheng, J. X., Rozanov, E., Schraner, M., Brönnimann, S., Thomason, L. W., and Peter, T.: Modeling the stratospheric warming following the Mt. Pinatubo eruption: uncertainties in aerosol extinctions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11221–11234, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-11221-2013, 2013.
Azzalini, A.: The Skew-normal Distribution and Related Multivariate Families, Scand. J. Stat., 32, 159–188, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9469.2005.00426.x, 2005.
Baran, A. J. and Foot, J. S.: New application of the operational sounder HIRS in determining a climatology of sulphuric acid aerosol from the Pinatubo eruption, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 99, 25673–25679, https://doi.org/10.1029/94JD02044, 1994.
Benduhn, F. and Lawrence, M. G.: An investigation of the role of sedimentation for stratospheric solar radiation management, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 7905–7921, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50622, 2013.
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Short summary
We have conducted a perturbed parameter model ensemble to investigate Mt. Pinatubo's 1991 initial sulfur mass emission. Our results suggest that (a) the initial mass loading of the Pinatubo eruption is ~14 Mt of SO2; (b) the injection vertical distribution is strongly skewed towards the lower stratosphere, leading to a peak mass sulfur injection at 18-21 km; (c) the injection magnitude and height affect early southward transport of the volcanic cloud observed by SAGE II.
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