Articles | Volume 21, issue 20
Research article
 | Highlight paper
19 Oct 2021
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 19 Oct 2021

Self-consistent global transport of metallic ions with WACCM-X

Jianfei Wu, Wuhu Feng, Han-Li Liu, Xianghui Xue, Daniel Robert Marsh, and John Maurice Campbell Plane

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Cited articles

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Short summary
Metal layers occur in the MLT region (80–120 km) from the ablation of cosmic dust. The latest lidar observations show these metals can reach a height approaching 200 km, which is challenging to explain. We have developed the first global simulation incorporating the full life cycle of metal atoms and ions. The model results compare well with lidar and satellite observations of the seasonal and diurnal variation of the metals and demonstrate the importance of ion mass and ion-neutral coupling.
Final-revised paper