Articles | Volume 21, issue 4
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-3103-2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-3103-2021
Research article
 | 
02 Mar 2021
Research article |  | 02 Mar 2021

Vertical dependence of horizontal variation of cloud microphysics: observations from the ACE-ENA field campaign and implications for warm-rain simulation in climate models

Zhibo Zhang, Qianqian Song, David B. Mechem, Vincent E. Larson, Jian Wang, Yangang Liu, Mikael K. Witte, Xiquan Dong, and Peng Wu

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Cited articles

Ahlgrimm, M. and Forbes, R. M.: Regime dependence of cloud condensate variability observed at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Sites, Q. J. R. Meteor. Soc., 142, 1605–1617, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2783, 2016. 
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement: ACE-ENA field campaign data, available at: https://adc.arm.gov/discovery/#/results/s::ACE-ENA, last access: 28 February 2021. 
Barker, H. W., Wiellicki, B. A., and Parker, L.: A Parameterization for Computing Grid-Averaged Solar Fluxes for Inhomogeneous Marine Boundary Layer Clouds, Part II: Validation Using Satellite Data, J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2304–2316, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<2304:APFCGA>2.0.CO;2, 1996. 
Beswick, K. M., Gallagher, M. W., Webb, A. R., Norton, E. G., and Perry, F.: Application of the Aventech AIMMS20AQ airborne probe for turbulence measurements during the Convective Storm Initiation Project, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 5449–5463, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-8-5449-2008, 2008. 
Bony, S. and Dufresne, J.-L.: Marine boundary layer clouds at the heart of tropical cloud feedback uncertainties in climate models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L20806, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GL023851, 2005. 
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This study investigates the small-scale variations and covariations of cloud microphysical properties, namely, cloud liquid water content and cloud droplet number concentration, in marine boundary layer clouds based on in situ observation from the Aerosol and Cloud Experiments in the Eastern North Atlantic (ACE-ENA) campaign. We discuss the dependence of cloud variations on vertical location in cloud and the implications for warm-rain simulations in the global climate models.
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