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ACP | Articles | Volume 19, issue 6
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4093–4104, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-4093-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4093–4104, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-4093-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 02 Apr 2019

Research article | 02 Apr 2019

The distribution of sea-salt aerosol in the global troposphere

Daniel M. Murphy et al.

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Alvarez-Aviles, L., Simpson, W. R., Douglas, T. A., Sturm, M., Perovich, D., and Domine, F.: Frost flower chemical composition during growth and its implications for aerosol production and bromine activation, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D21304, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD010277, 2008. 
ATom: Measurements and modeling results from the NASA Atmospheric Tomography Mission, https://doi.org/10.5067/Aircraft/ATom/TraceGas_Aerosol_Global_Distribution, 2017. 
Bellouin, N., Quaas, J., Morcrette, J.-J., and Boucher, O.: Estimates of aerosol radiative forcing from the MACC re-analysis, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2045–2062, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-2045-2013, 2013. 
Bian, H., Colarco, P. R., Chin, M., Chen, G., Rodriguez, J. M., Liang, Q., Blake, D., Chu, D. A., da Silva, A., Darmenov, A. S., Diskin, G., Fuelberg, H. E., Huey, G., Kondo, Y., Nielsen, J. E., Pan, X., and Wisthaler, A.: Source attributions of pollution to the Western Arctic during the NASA ARCTAS field campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 4707–4721, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-4707-2013, 2013. 
Bian, H., Froyd, K., Murphy, D. M., Dibb, J., Chin, M., Colarco, P. R., Darmenov, A., da Silva, A., Kucsera, T. L., Schill, G., Yu, H., Bui, P., Dollner, M., Weinzierl, B., and Smirnov, A.: Observationally constrained analysis of sea salt aerosol in the marine atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-18, in review, 2019. 
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We present the first data on the concentration of sea-salt aerosol throughout most of the depth of the troposphere and a wide range of latitudes. Sea-salt concentrations in the upper troposphere are very small. This puts stringent limits on how sea-salt aerosol affects halogen and nitric acid chemistry there. With a widely distributed source, sea-salt aerosol provides an excellent test of wet scavenging and vertical transport of aerosols in chemical transport models.
We present the first data on the concentration of sea-salt aerosol throughout most of the depth...
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