Articles | Volume 16, issue 9
Research article
13 May 2016
Research article |  | 13 May 2016

Atmospheric changes caused by galactic cosmic rays over the period 1960–2010

Charles H. Jackman, Daniel R. Marsh, Douglas E. Kinnison, Christopher J. Mertens, and Eric L. Fleming

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Cited articles

Badhwar, G. D. and O'Neill, P. M.: An improved model of galactic cosmic radiation for space exploration missions, Nucl. Tracks Rad. Meas., 20, 403–410, 1992.
Badhwar, G. D. and O'Neill, P. M.: Long term modulation of galactic cosmic radiation and its model for space exploration, Adv. Space Res., 14, 749–757, 1994.
Badhwar, G. D. and O'Neill, P. M.: Galactic cosmic radiation model and its applications, Adv. Space Res., 17, 7–17, 1996.
Brasseur, G. and Solomon, S.: Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 1995.
Calisto, M., Usoskin, I., Rozanov, E., and Peter, T.: Influence of Galactic Cosmic Rays on atmospheric composition and dynamics, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 4547–4556,, 2011.
Short summary
Two global models were used to investigate the impact of galactic cosmic ray (GCRs) on the atmosphere over the 1960-2010 time period. The primary impact of the naturally occurring GCRs on ozone was found to be due to their production of NOx and this impact varies with the atmospheric chlorine loading, sulfate aerosol loading, and solar cycle variation. GCR-caused decreases of annual average global total ozone were computed to be 0.2 % or less.
Final-revised paper