Articles | Volume 19, issue 23
Research article
11 Dec 2019
Research article |  | 11 Dec 2019

Climate benefits of proposed carbon dioxide mitigation strategies for international shipping and aviation

Catherine C. Ivanovich, Ilissa B. Ocko, Pedro Piris-Cabezas, and Annie Petsonk

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Subject: Gases | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Revised manuscript accepted for ACP
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Cited articles

Azar, C. and Johansson, D. J. A.: Valuing the non-CO2 climate impacts of aviation, Clim. Change, 111, 559–579,, 2012. 
Balacombe, P., Brierley, J., Lewis, C., Skatvedt, L., Speirs, J., Hawkes, A., and Staffell, I.: How to decarbonize international shipping: Options for fuels, technologies and policies, Energy Convers. Manag., 182, 72–88, https://, 2019. 
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Berntsen, T. K., Fuglestvedt, J., Myhre, G., Stordal, F., and Berglen, T. F.: Abatement of greenhouse gases: Does location matter?, Clim. Change, 74, 377–411,, 2006. 
Bock, L. and Burkhardt, U.: Reassessing properties and radiative forcing of contrail cirrus using a climate model, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 121, 9717–9736,, 2016. 
Short summary
The Paris Agreement set the goal of remaining well below a 2 °C global temperature rise, but it is unclear how future emissions from international shipping and aviation will contribute to this threshold. Here we estimate that the sectors' future emissions of carbon dioxide will contribute a combined 0.12 °C by the end of the century should no action be taken, but proposed mitigation policies have the potential to reduce this warming by almost 90 %.
Final-revised paper