Articles | Volume 22, issue 19
Research article
12 Oct 2022
Research article |  | 12 Oct 2022

Observation of secondary ice production in clouds at low temperatures

Alexei Korolev, Paul J. DeMott, Ivan Heckman, Mengistu Wolde, Earle Williams, David J. Smalley, and Michael F. Donovan

Related authors

Sizing ice hydrometeor populations using the dual-wavelength radar ratio
Sergey Y. Matrosov, Alexei Korolev, Mengistu Wolde, and Cuong Nguyen
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 6373–6386,,, 2022
Short summary
The impacts of secondary ice production on microphysics and dynamics in tropical convection
Zhipeng Qu, Alexei Korolev, Jason A. Milbrandt, Ivan Heckman, Yongjie Huang, Greg M. McFarquhar, Hugh Morrison, Mengistu Wolde, and Cuong Nguyen
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 12287–12310,,, 2022
Short summary
Microphysical processes producing high ice water contents (HIWCs) in tropical convective clouds during the HAIC-HIWC field campaign: dominant role of secondary ice production
Yongjie Huang, Wei Wu, Greg M. McFarquhar, Ming Xue, Hugh Morrison, Jason Milbrandt, Alexei V. Korolev, Yachao Hu, Zhipeng Qu, Mengistu Wolde, Cuong Nguyen, Alfons Schwarzenboeck, and Ivan Heckman
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 2365–2384,,, 2022
Short summary
Supercooled liquid water and secondary ice production in Kelvin–Helmholtz instability as revealed by radar Doppler spectra observations
Haoran Li, Alexei Korolev, and Dmitri Moisseev
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13593–13608,,, 2021
Short summary
Microphysical processes producing high ice water contents (HIWCs) in tropical convective clouds during the HAIC-HIWC field campaign: evaluation of simulations using bulk microphysical schemes
Yongjie Huang, Wei Wu, Greg M. McFarquhar, Xuguang Wang, Hugh Morrison, Alexander Ryzhkov, Yachao Hu, Mengistu Wolde, Cuong Nguyen, Alfons Schwarzenboeck, Jason Milbrandt, Alexei V. Korolev, and Ivan Heckman
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 6919–6944,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Clouds and Precipitation | Research Activity: Field Measurements | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
Lifecycle of updrafts and mass flux in isolated deep convection over the Amazon rainforest: insights from cell tracking
Siddhant Gupta, Dié Wang, Scott E. Giangrande, Thiago S. Biscaro, and Michael P. Jensen
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 4487–4510,,, 2024
Short summary
Thermodynamic and cloud evolution in a cold-air outbreak during HALO-(AC)3: quasi-Lagrangian observations compared to the ERA5 and CARRA reanalyses
Benjamin Kirbus, Imke Schirmacher, Marcus Klingebiel, Michael Schäfer, André Ehrlich, Nils Slättberg, Johannes Lucke, Manuel Moser, Hanno Müller, and Manfred Wendisch
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 3883–3904,,, 2024
Short summary
Powering aircraft with 100 % sustainable aviation fuel reduces ice crystals in contrails
Raphael Satoru Märkl, Christiane Voigt, Daniel Sauer, Rebecca Katharina Dischl, Stefan Kaufmann, Theresa Harlaß, Valerian Hahn, Anke Roiger, Cornelius Weiß-Rehm, Ulrike Burkhardt, Ulrich Schumann, Andreas Marsing, Monika Scheibe, Andreas Dörnbrack, Charles Renard, Maxime Gauthier, Peter Swann, Paul Madden, Darren Luff, Reetu Sallinen, Tobias Schripp, and Patrick Le Clercq
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 3813–3837,,, 2024
Short summary
Measurement Report: Cloud and environmental properties associated with aggregated shallow marine cumulus and cumulus congestus
Ewan Crosbie, Luke Ziemba, Michael Shook, Taylor Shingler, Johnathan Hair, Armin Sorooshian, Richard Ferrare, Brian Cairns, Yonghoon Choi, Joshua DiGangi, Glenn Diskin, Chris Hostetler, Simon Kirschler, Richard Herbert Moore, David Painemal, Claire Robinson, Shane Seaman, Kenneth Thornhill, Christiane Voigt, and Edward Winstead
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary
Supercooled liquid water clouds observed over Dome C, Antarctica: temperature sensitivity and cloud radiative forcing
Philippe Ricaud, Massimo Del Guasta, Angelo Lupi, Romain Roehrig, Eric Bazile, Pierre Durand, Jean-Luc Attié, Alessia Nicosia, and Paolo Grigioni
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 613–630,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Aufdermaur, A. N. and Johnson D. A.: Charge separation due to riming in an electric field, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 98, 369–382,, 1972. 
Bacer, S., Sullivan, S. C., Sourdeval, O., Tost, H., Lelieveld, J., and Pozzer, A.: Cold cloud microphysical process rates in a global chemistry–climate model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1485–1505,, 2021. 
Bacon, N. J., Swanson, B. D., Baker, M. B., and Davis, E. J.: Breakup of levitated frost particles, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 103, 13763–13775,, 1998. 
Bergeron, T.: On the physics of clouds and precipitation. Proces Verbaux de l'Association de Météorologie, International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Imprimerie Paul Dupont, Paris, France, 156–178, 1935. 
Beswick, K. M., Gallagher, M. W., Webb, A. R., Norton, E. G., and Perry, F.: Application of the Aventech AIMMS20AQ airborne probe for turbulence measurements during the Convective Storm Initiation Project, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 5449–5463,, 2008. 
Short summary
The present study provides the first explicit in situ observation of secondary ice production at temperatures as low as −27 °C, which is well outside the range of the Hallett–Mossop process (−3 to −8 °C). This observation expands our knowledge of the temperature range of initiation of secondary ice in clouds. The obtained results are intended to stimulate laboratory and theoretical studies to develop physically based parameterizations for weather prediction and climate models.
Final-revised paper