Articles | Volume 16, issue 10
Research article
30 May 2016
Research article |  | 30 May 2016

Impact of major volcanic eruptions on stratospheric water vapour

Michael Löffler, Sabine Brinkop, and Patrick Jöckel

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Cited articles

Angell, J. K.: Stratospheric warming due to Agung, El Chichón, and Pinatubo taking into account the quasi-biennial oscillation, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 102, 9479–9485,, 1997.
Arfeuille, F., Luo, B. P., Heckendorn, P., Weisenstein, D., Sheng, J. X., Rozanov, E., Schraner, M., Brönnimann, S., Thomason, L. W., and Peter, T.: Modeling the stratospheric warming following the Mt. Pinatubo eruption: uncertainties in aerosol extinctions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11221–11234,, 2013.
Brinkop, S., Dameris, M., Jöckel, P., Garny, H., Lossow, S., and Stiller, G.: The millennium water vapour drop in chemistry-climate model simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 15, 24909–24953,, 2015.
Considine, D. B., Rosenfield, J. E., and Fleming, E. L.: An interactive model study of the influence of the Mount Pinatubo aerosol on stratospheric methane and water trends, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 106, 27711–27727,, 2001.
Short summary
After the two major volcanic eruptions of El Chichón in Mexico in 1982 and Mount Pinatubo on the Philippines in 1991, stratospheric water vapour is significantly increased. This results from increased stratospheric heating rates due to volcanic aerosol and the subsequent changes in stratospheric and tropopause temperatures in the tropics. The tropical vertical advection and the South Asian summer monsoon are identified as important sources for the additional water vapour in the stratosphere.
Final-revised paper