Articles | Volume 16, issue 10
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6547-2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6547-2016
Research article
 | 
30 May 2016
Research article |  | 30 May 2016

Impact of major volcanic eruptions on stratospheric water vapour

Michael Löffler, Sabine Brinkop, and Patrick Jöckel

Related authors

The contribution of transport emissions to ozone mixing ratios and methane lifetime in 2015 and 2050 in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs)
Mariano Mertens, Sabine Brinkop, Phoebe Graf, Volker Grewe, Johannes Hendricks, Patrick Jöckel, Anna Lanteri, Sigrun Matthes, Vanessa S. Rieger, Mattia Righi, and Robin N. Thor
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-324,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-324, 2024
This preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).
Short summary
Air quality and radiative impacts of downward-propagating sudden stratospheric warmings (SSWs)
Ryan S. Williams, Michaela I. Hegglin, Patrick Jöckel, Hella Garny, and Keith P. Shine
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 1389–1413, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-1389-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-1389-2024, 2024
Short summary
Evaluation of the coupling of EMACv2.55 and the land surface and vegetation model JSBACHv4
Anna Martin, Veronika Gayler, Benedikt Steil, Klaus Klingmüller, Patrick Jöckel, Holger Tost, Jos Lelieveld, and Andrea Pozzer
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-3051,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-3051, 2024
Short summary
How non-equilibrium aerosol chemistry impacts particle acidity: the GMXe AERosol CHEMistry (GMXe–AERCHEM, v1.0) sub-submodel of MESSy
Simon Rosanka, Holger Tost, Rolf Sander, Patrick Jöckel, Astrid Kerkweg, and Domenico Taraborrelli
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2587,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2587, 2023
Short summary
Updating the radiation infrastructure in MESSy (based on MESSy version 2.55)
Matthias Nützel, Laura Stecher, Patrick Jöckel, Franziska Winterstein, Martin Dameris, Michael Ponater, Phoebe Graf, and Markus Kunze
EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2140,https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2140, 2023
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Gases | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling and Data Analysis | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
Moist bias in the Pacific upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS) in climate models affects regional circulation patterns
Felix Ploeger, Thomas Birner, Edward Charlesworth, Paul Konopka, and Rolf Müller
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 2033–2043, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-2033-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-2033-2024, 2024
Short summary
Evaluation of vertical transport in ERA5 and ERA-Interim reanalysis using high-altitude aircraft measurements in the Asian summer monsoon 2017
Bärbel Vogel, C. Michael Volk, Johannes Wintel, Valentin Lauther, Jan Clemens, Jens-Uwe Grooß, Gebhard Günther, Lars Hoffmann, Johannes C. Laube, Rolf Müller, Felix Ploeger, and Fred Stroh
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 317–343, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-317-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-317-2024, 2024
Short summary
Injection strategy – a driver of atmospheric circulation and ozone response to stratospheric aerosol geoengineering
Ewa M. Bednarz, Amy H. Butler, Daniele Visioni, Yan Zhang, Ben Kravitz, and Douglas G. MacMartin
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 13665–13684, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13665-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13665-2023, 2023
Short summary
Quantifying stratospheric ozone trends over 1984–2020: a comparison of ordinary and regularized multivariate regression models
Yajuan Li, Sandip S. Dhomse, Martyn P. Chipperfield, Wuhu Feng, Jianchun Bian, Yuan Xia, and Dong Guo
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 13029–13047, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13029-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-13029-2023, 2023
Short summary
Surface ozone over the Tibetan Plateau controlled by stratospheric intrusion
Xiufeng Yin, Dipesh Rupakheti, Guoshuai Zhang, Jiali Luo, Shichang Kang, Benjamin de Foy, Junhua Yang, Zhenming Ji, Zhiyuan Cong, Maheswar Rupakheti, Ping Li, Yuling Hu, and Qianggong Zhang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 10137–10143, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-10137-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-10137-2023, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Angell, J. K.: Stratospheric warming due to Agung, El Chichón, and Pinatubo taking into account the quasi-biennial oscillation, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 102, 9479–9485, https://doi.org/10.1029/96JD03588, 1997.
Arfeuille, F., Luo, B. P., Heckendorn, P., Weisenstein, D., Sheng, J. X., Rozanov, E., Schraner, M., Brönnimann, S., Thomason, L. W., and Peter, T.: Modeling the stratospheric warming following the Mt. Pinatubo eruption: uncertainties in aerosol extinctions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11221–11234, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-11221-2013, 2013.
Brinkop, S., Dameris, M., Jöckel, P., Garny, H., Lossow, S., and Stiller, G.: The millennium water vapour drop in chemistry-climate model simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 15, 24909–24953, https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-15-24909-2015, 2015.
Considine, D. B., Rosenfield, J. E., and Fleming, E. L.: An interactive model study of the influence of the Mount Pinatubo aerosol on stratospheric methane and water trends, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 106, 27711–27727, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JD000331, 2001.
Download
Short summary
After the two major volcanic eruptions of El Chichón in Mexico in 1982 and Mount Pinatubo on the Philippines in 1991, stratospheric water vapour is significantly increased. This results from increased stratospheric heating rates due to volcanic aerosol and the subsequent changes in stratospheric and tropopause temperatures in the tropics. The tropical vertical advection and the South Asian summer monsoon are identified as important sources for the additional water vapour in the stratosphere.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint