Articles | Volume 16, issue 10
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 6547–6562, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6547-2016

Special issue: The Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy) (ACP/GMD inter-journal...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 6547–6562, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6547-2016

Research article 30 May 2016

Research article | 30 May 2016

Impact of major volcanic eruptions on stratospheric water vapour

Michael Löffler et al.

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Short summary
After the two major volcanic eruptions of El Chichón in Mexico in 1982 and Mount Pinatubo on the Philippines in 1991, stratospheric water vapour is significantly increased. This results from increased stratospheric heating rates due to volcanic aerosol and the subsequent changes in stratospheric and tropopause temperatures in the tropics. The tropical vertical advection and the South Asian summer monsoon are identified as important sources for the additional water vapour in the stratosphere.
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