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The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation is a wind oscillation in the equatorial stratosphere. Effects on climate have been found, which is relevant for seasonal forecasts. However, up to now only relatively short records were available, and even within these the climate imprints were intermittent. Here we analyze a 108-year long reconstruction as well as four 405-year long simulations. We confirm most of the claimed QBO effects on climate, but they are small, which explains apparently variable effects.
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Articles | Volume 16, issue 24
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 15529–15543, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-15529-2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 15529–15543, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-15529-2016

Research article 15 Dec 2016

Research article | 15 Dec 2016

Multidecadal variations of the effects of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation on the climate system

Stefan Brönnimann et al.

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Cited articles

Anet, J. G., Muthers, S., Rozanov, E. V., Raible, C. C., Stenke, A., Shapiro, A. I., Brönnimann, S., Arfeuille, F., Brugnara, Y., Beer, J., Steinhilber, F., Schmutz, W., and Peter, T.: Impact of solar versus volcanic activity variations on tropospheric temperatures and precipitation during the Dalton Minimum, Clim. Past, 10, 921–938, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-921-2014, 2014.
Anstey, J. A. and Shepherd, T. G.: High-latitude influence of the quasi-biennial oscillation, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 140, 1–21, 2014.
Baur, F.: Das Periodiogramm hundertjähriger Temperaturbeobachtungen in Berlin (Innenstadt), Meteorol. Z., 44, 414–418, 1927.
Brönnimann, S. and Stickler, A.: Aerological observations in the Tropics in the Early Twentieth Century, Meteorol. Z., 22, 349–358, 2013.
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Short summary
The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation is a wind oscillation in the equatorial stratosphere. Effects on climate have been found, which is relevant for seasonal forecasts. However, up to now only relatively short records were available, and even within these the climate imprints were intermittent. Here we analyze a 108-year long reconstruction as well as four 405-year long simulations. We confirm most of the claimed QBO effects on climate, but they are small, which explains apparently variable effects.
Citation
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Final-revised paper
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