Articles | Volume 15, issue 16
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9593–9610, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-9593-2015

Special issue: The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP):...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9593–9610, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-9593-2015
Research article
27 Aug 2015
Research article | 27 Aug 2015

Climate extremes in multi-model simulations of stratospheric aerosol and marine cloud brightening climate engineering

V. N. Aswathy et al.

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Cited articles

Alterskjær, K., Kristjánsson, J. E., and Seland, Ø.: Sensitivity to deliberate sea salt seeding of marine clouds – observations and model simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 2795–2807, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-2795-2012, 2012.
Alterskjaer, K., Kristjánsson, J. E., Boucher, O., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Schmidt, H., Schulz, M., and Timmreck, C.: Sea-salt injections into the low-latitude marine boundary layer: The transient response in three Earth system models, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 12195–12206, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JD020432, 2013.
Bala, G., Caldeira, K., Nemani, R., Cao, L., Ban-Weiss, G., and Shin, H. J.: Albedo enhancement of marine clouds to counteract global warming: Impacts on the hydrological cycle, Clim. Dynam., 37, 915–931, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0868-1, 2011.
Ban-Weiss, G. a. and Caldeira, K.: Geoengineering as an optimization problem, Environ. Res. Lett., 5, 034009, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/5/3/034009, 2010.
Bentsen, M., Bethke, I., Debernard, J. B., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Seland, Ø., Drange, H., Roelandt, C., Seierstad, I. A., Hoose, C., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M – Part 1: Description and basic evaluation of the physical climate, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 687–720, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-687-2013, 2013.
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Short summary
Simulations conducted in the GeoMIP and IMPLICC model intercomparison studies for climate engineering by stratospheric sulfate injection and marine cloud brightening via sea salt are analysed and compared to the reference scenario RCP4.5. The focus is on extremes in surface temperature and precipitation. It is found that the extreme changes mostly follow the mean changes and that extremes are also in general well mitigated, except for in polar regions.
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