Articles | Volume 22, issue 1
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 93–118, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-93-2022

Special issue: Resolving uncertainties in solar geoengineering through multi-model...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 93–118, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-93-2022
Research article
 | Highlight paper
04 Jan 2022
Research article  | Highlight paper | 04 Jan 2022

Dependency of the impacts of geoengineering on the stratospheric sulfur injection strategy – Part 1: Intercomparison of modal and sectional aerosol modules

Anton Laakso et al.

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Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

Aswathy, V. N., Boucher, O., Quaas, M., Niemeier, U., Muri, H., Mülmenstädt, J., and Quaas, J.: Climate extremes in multi-model simulations of stratospheric aerosol and marine cloud brightening climate engineering, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9593–9610, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-9593-2015, 2015. a
Bergman, T., Kerminen, V.-M., Korhonen, H., Lehtinen, K. J., Makkonen, R., Arola, A., Mielonen, T., Romakkaniemi, S., Kulmala, M., and Kokkola, H.: Evaluation of the sectional aerosol microphysics module SALSA implementation in ECHAM5-HAM aerosol-climate model, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 845–868, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-5-845-2012, 2012. a
Caldeira, K., Bala, G., and Cao, L.: The Science of Geoengineering, Annu. Rev. Earth Pl. Sc., 41, 231–256, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105548, 2013. a
Chen, J.-P. and Lamb, D.: Simulation of Cloud Microphysical and Chemical Processes Using a Multicomponent Framework. Part I: Description of the Microphysical Model, J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 2613–2630, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2613:SOCMAC>2.0.CO;2, 1994. a
Dykema, J. A., Keith, D. W., and Keutsch, F. N.: Improved aerosol radiative properties as a foundation for solar geoengineering risk assessment, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 7758–7766, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069258, 2016. a, b, c, d
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Short summary
The use of different spatio-temporal sulfur injection strategies with different magnitudes to create an artificial reflective aerosol layer to cool the climate is studied using sectional and modal aerosol schemes in a climate model. There are significant differences in the results depending on the aerosol microphysical module used. Different spatio-temporal injection strategies have a significant impact on the magnitude and zonal distribution of radiative forcing and atmospheric dynamics.
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