Articles | Volume 16, issue 8
Research article
02 May 2016
Research article |  | 02 May 2016

The global tropospheric ammonia distribution as seen in the 13-year AIRS measurement record

Juying X. Warner, Zigang Wei, L. Larrabee Strow, Russell R. Dickerson, and John B. Nowak

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Subject: Gases | Research Activity: Remote Sensing | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Chemistry (chemical composition and reactions)
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Cited articles

Abbatt, J. P. D., Benz, S., Cziczo, D. J., Kanji, Z., Lohmann, U., and Mohler, O.: Solid Ammonium Sulphate Aerosols as Ice Nuclei: A Pathway for Cirrus Cloud Formation, Science, 313, 1770–1773, 2006.
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Adams, P. J., Seinfeld, J. H., Koch, D., Mickley, L., and Jacob, D.: General circulation model assessment of direct radiative forcing by the sulfate-nitrate-ammonium-water inorganic aerosol system, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 106, 1097–1111,, 2001.
Alvarado, M. J., Cady-Pereira, K. E., Xiao, Y., Millet, D. B., and Payne, V. H.: Emission Ratios for Ammonia and Formic Acid and Observations of Peroxy Acetyl Nitrate (PAN) and Ethylene in Biomass Burning Smoke as Seen by the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES), Atmosphere, 2, 633–654,, 2011.
Andreae, M. O. and Merlet, P.: Emissions of trace gases and aerosols from biomass burning, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 15, 955–966, 2001.
Short summary
We present the global distributions of tropospheric ammonia observed by the satellite sensor AIRS from September 2002 through August 2015. The AIRS instrument captures the ammonia concentrations emitted from the anthropogenic (agricultural) source regions where a summer maximum and secondary spring maximum are observable, and the high ammonia concentrations from episodic biomass burning events.
Final-revised paper