Articles | Volume 20, issue 1
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 345–374, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-345-2020

Special issue: The SPARC Reanalysis Intercomparison Project (S-RIP) (ACP/ESSD...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 345–374, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-345-2020

Research article 10 Jan 2020

Research article | 10 Jan 2020

Surface temperature response to the major volcanic eruptions in multiple reanalysis data sets

Masatomo Fujiwara et al.

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Cited articles

Angell, J. K. and Korshover, J.: Comparison of tropospheric temperatures following Agung and El Chichón volcanic eruptions, Mon. Weather Rev., 112, 1457–1463, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<1457:COTTFA>2.0.CO;2, 1984. 
Ashok, K., Behera, S. K., Rao, S. A., Weng, H., and Yamagata, T.: El Niño Modoki and its possible teleconnection, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C11007, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JC003798, 2007. 
Barnston, A. G. and Livezey, R. E.: Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns, Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 1083–1126, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1987)115<1083:CSAPOL>2.0.CO;2, 1987. 
Barnston, A. G., Chelliah, M., and Goldenberg, S. B.: Documentation of a highly ENSO-related SST region in the equatorial Pacific: Research note, Atmos.-Ocean, 35, 367–383, https://doi.org/10.1080/07055900.1997.9649597, 1997. 
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Short summary
The global response of surface air temperature (SST) to the eruptions of Mount Agung in 1963, El Chichón in 1982, and Mount Pinatubo in 1991 is investigated using 11 global atmospheric reanalysis data sets. Multiple linear regression is applied, with a set of climatic indices orthogonalized, and the residuals are investigated. It is found that careful treatment of tropical SST variability is necessary to evaluate the surface response to volcanic eruptions in observations and reanalyses.
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