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In this study, we use a new laser imaging nephelometer to measure the bulk aerosol scattering phase function for biomass burning aerosol from controlled fires. By comparing measurements to models for spherical and fractal particles, we demonstrate that the dominant morphology varies by fuel type. This instrument has unique capabilities to directly measure how morphology affects optical properties, and can be used in the future for important validations of remote sensing retrievals.
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ACP | Articles | Volume 18, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 1879–1894, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-1879-2018
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 1879–1894, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-1879-2018

Research article 08 Feb 2018

Research article | 08 Feb 2018

Investigating biomass burning aerosol morphology using a laser imaging nephelometer

Katherine M. Manfred et al.

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Cited articles

Adachi, K. and Buseck, P. R.: Atmospheric tar balls from biomass burning in Mexico, J. Geophys. Res., 116, 2–8, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JD015102, 2011. 
Akagi, S. K., Craven, J. S., Taylor, J. W., McMeeking, G. R., Yokelson, R. J., Burling, I. R., Urbanski, S. P., Wold, C. E., Seinfeld, J. H., Coe, H., Alvarado, M. J., and Weise, D. R.: Evolution of trace gases and particles emitted by a chaparral fire in California, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1397–1421, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-1397-2012, 2012. 
Allan, D. W.: Statistics of atomic frequency standards, Proc. IEEE, 54, 221–230, https://doi.org/10.1109/PROC.1966.4634, 1966. 
Anderson, T. L. and Ogren, J. A.: Determining aerosol radiative properties using the TSI 3563 integrating nephelometer, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 29, 57–69, https://doi.org/10.1117/12.830300, 1998. 
Anderson, T. L., Covert, D. S., Marshall, S. F., Laucks, M. L., Charlson, R. J., Waggoner, A. P., Ogren, J. A., Caldow, R., Holm, R. L., Quant, F. R., Sem, G. J., Wiedensohler, A., Ahlquist, N. A., and Bates, T. S.: Performance characteristics of a high-sensitivity, three-wavelength, total scatter/backscatter nephelometer, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 13, 967–986, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(1996)013<0967:PCOAHS>2.0.CO;2, 1996. 
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Short summary
In this study, we use a new laser imaging nephelometer to measure the bulk aerosol scattering phase function for biomass burning aerosol from controlled fires. By comparing measurements to models for spherical and fractal particles, we demonstrate that the dominant morphology varies by fuel type. This instrument has unique capabilities to directly measure how morphology affects optical properties, and can be used in the future for important validations of remote sensing retrievals.
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