Articles | Volume 22, issue 9
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 6067–6085, 2022
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 6067–6085, 2022
Research article
09 May 2022
Research article | 09 May 2022

Zonal variations in the vertical distribution of atmospheric aerosols over the Indian region and the consequent radiative effects

Nair K. Kala et al.

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Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Remote Sensing | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

Anderson, T. L., Masonis, S. J., Covert, D. S., Ahlquist, N. C., Howell, S. G., Clarke, A. D., and McNaughton, C. S.: Variability of aerosol optical properties derived from in situ aircraft measurements during ACE-Asia, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 108, D23,, 2003. 
Ansmann, A., Althausen, D., Wandinger, U., Franke, K., Müller, D., Wagner, F., and Heintzenberg, J.: Vertical profiling of the Indian aerosol plume with six-wavelength lidar during INDOEX: A first case study, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 963–966, 2000. 
Babu, S. S., Satheesh, S. K., and Moorthy, K. K.: Aerosol radiative forcing due to enhanced black carbon at an urban site in India, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 27 pp., 2002. 
Babu, S. S., Moorthy, K. K., and Satheesh, S. K.: Vertical and horizontal gradients in aerosol black carbon and its mass fraction to composite aerosols over the east coast of Peninsular India from Aircraft measurements, Adv. Meteorol., 2010,, 2010. 
Babu, S. S., Moorthy, K. K., Manchanda, R. K., Sinha, P. R., Satheesh, S. K., Vajja, D. P., Srinivasan, S., and Kumar, V. H. A.: Free tropospheric black carbon aerosol measurements using high altitude balloon: Do BC layers build “their own homes” up in the atmosphere?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, 8,, 2011. 
Short summary
We present the 3-D distribution of atmospheric aerosols and highlight its variation with respect to longitudes over the Indian mainland and the surrounding oceans using long-term satellite observations and realistic synthesised data. The atmospheric heating due to the 3-D distribution of aerosols is estimated using radiative transfer calculations. We believe that our findings will have strong implications for aerosol–radiation interactions in regional climate simulations.
Final-revised paper