Articles | Volume 19, issue 2
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 1147–1172, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-1147-2019
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 1147–1172, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-1147-2019

Research article 30 Jan 2019

Research article | 30 Jan 2019

Cloud feedbacks in extratropical cyclones: insight from long-term satellite data and high-resolution global simulations

Daniel T. McCoy et al.

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Cited articles

AIRS Science Team/Joao Texeira: AIRS/Aqua L2 Support Retrieval (AIRS + AMSU) V006, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Greenbelt, MD, USA, https://doi.org/10.5067/Aqua/AIRS/DATA207, 2013. 
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Beare, R. J.: Boundary layer mechanisms in extratropical cyclones, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 133, 503–515, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.30, 2007. 
Bender, F. A. M., Charlson, R. J., Ekman, A. M. L., and Leahy, L. V.: Quantification of Monthly Mean Regional-Scale Albedo of Marine Stratiform Clouds in Satellite Observations and GCMs, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 50, 2139–2148, https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-11-049.1, 2011a. 
Bender, F. A. M., Ramanathan, V., and Tselioudis, G.: Changes in extratropical storm track cloudiness 1983–2008: observational support for a poleward shift, Clim. Dynam., 38, 2037–2053, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-011-1065-6, 2011b. 
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The largest single source of uncertainty in the climate sensitivity predicted by global climate models is how much low-altitude clouds change as the climate warms. Models predict that the amount of liquid within and the brightness of low-altitude clouds increase in the extratropics with warming. We show that increased fluxes of moisture into extratropical storms in the midlatitudes explain the majority of the observed trend and the modeled increase in liquid water within these storms.
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