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Our study examined the effect of the seasonal cycle in meteorology from November through December and the role of stratospheric ozone depletion in the photochemical production of nitrogen oxide (NO) from nitrate in the snow at the South Pole. We found that ozone depletion which now extends into late November–early December coincides with optimum meteorological conditions (clear skies, a stable shallow boundary layer, and light winds) for high concentrations of NO to accumulate at the surface.
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Articles | Volume 18, issue 5
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 3755–3778, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-3755-2018
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 3755–3778, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-3755-2018

Research article 14 Mar 2018

Research article | 14 Mar 2018

The meteorology and chemistry of high nitrogen oxide concentrations in the stable boundary layer at the South Pole

William Neff et al.

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Cited articles

Arimoto, R., Zeng, T., Davis, D., Wang, Y., Khaing, H., Nesbit, C., and Huey, G.: Concentrations and sources of aerosol ions and trace elements during ANTCI-2003, Atmos. Environ., 42, 2864–2876, 2008.
Ball, F. K.: Winds on the Ice Slopes of Antarctica, Antarctic Meteorology, Proceedings of the Symposium in Melbourne, February 1959, Melbourne, Australia, Pergamon Press, 9–16, 1960.
Berhanu, T. A., Savarino, J., Erbland, J., Vicars, W. C., Preunkert, S., Martins, J. F., and Johnson, M. S.: Isotopic effects of nitrate photochemistry in snow: a field study at Dome C, Antarctica, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 11243–11256, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-11243-2015, 2015.
Black, R. X. and McDaniel, B. A.: Interannual variability in the Southern Hemisphere circulation organized by stratospheric final warming events, J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 2968–2974, 2007.
Bock, J., Savarino, J., and Picard, G.: Air–snow exchange of nitrate: a modelling approach to investigate physicochemical processes in surface snow at Dome C, Antarctica, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 12531–12550, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-12531-2016, 2016.
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Short summary
Our study examined the effect of the seasonal cycle in meteorology from November through December and the role of stratospheric ozone depletion in the photochemical production of nitrogen oxide (NO) from nitrate in the snow at the South Pole. We found that ozone depletion which now extends into late November–early December coincides with optimum meteorological conditions (clear skies, a stable shallow boundary layer, and light winds) for high concentrations of NO to accumulate at the surface.
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Final-revised paper
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