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Volume 16, issue 2
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 703–714, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-703-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 703–714, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-703-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 21 Jan 2016

Research article | 21 Jan 2016

Solubility and reactivity of HNCO in water: insights into HNCO's fate in the atmosphere

N. Borduas et al.

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Cited articles

Amell, A. R.: Kinetics of the hydrolysis of cyanic acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 78, 6234–6238, 1956.
Barnes, I., Solignac, G., Mellouki, A., and Becker, K. H.: Aspects of the atmospheric chemistry of amides, Chem. Phys. Chem., 11, 3844–3857, 2010.
Barth, M. C., Cochran, A. K., Fiddler, M. N., Roberts, J. M., and Bililign, S.: Numerical modeling of cloud chemistry effects on isocyanic acid (HNCO), J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 8688–8701, 2013.
Belson, D. J. and Strachan, A. N.: Preparation and properties of isocyanic acid, Chem. Soc. Rev., 11, 41–56, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50661, 1982.
Beswick, H. T. and Harding, J. J.: Conformational changes induced in bovine lens a-crystallin by carbamylation, Biochem. J., 223, 221–227, 1984.
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HNCO is a toxic molecule and can cause cardiovascular and cataract problems through protein carbamylation once inhaled. Recently reported ambient measurements of HNCO in North America raise concerns for human exposure. To better understand HNCO's loss processes and behaviour in the atmosphere, we provide thermochemical data on HNCO. The parameters allow for more accurate predictions of its lifetime in the atmosphere and consequently help define exposure of this toxic molecule.
HNCO is a toxic molecule and can cause cardiovascular and cataract problems through protein...
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