Articles | Volume 15, issue 11
Research article
08 Jun 2015
Research article |  | 08 Jun 2015

Quantifying sources, transport, deposition, and radiative forcing of black carbon over the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau

R. Zhang, H. Wang, Y. Qian, P. J. Rasch, R. C. Easter, P.-L. Ma, B. Singh, J. Huang, and Q. Fu

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Subject: Aerosols | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling and Data Analysis | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

Babu, S. S., Chaubey, J. P., Moorthy, K. K., Gogoi, M. M., Kompalli, S. K., Sreekanth, V., Bagare, S. P., Bhatt, B. C., Gaur, V. K., Prabhu, T. P., and Singh, N. S.: High altitude ( 4520 m a.m.s.l.) measurements of black carbon aerosols over western trans-Himalayas: Seasonal heterogeneity and source apportionment, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D24201,, 2011.
Barnett, T. P., Adam, J. C., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions, Nature, 438, 303–309,, 2005.
Bolch, T., Kulkarni, A., Kääb, A., Huggel, C., Paul, F., Cogley, J., Frey, H., Kargel, J., Fujita, K., Scheel, M., Bajracharya, S., and Stoffel, M.: The state and fate of Himalayan Glaciers, Science, 336, 310–314,, 2012.
Bond, T. C., Bhardwaj, E., Dong, R., Jogani, R., Jung, S., Roden, C., Streets, D. G., and Trautmann, N. M.: Historical emissions of black and organic carbon aerosol from energy-related combustion, 1850–2000, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 21, GB2018,, 2007.
Short summary
We use the CAM5 model with a novel source-tagging technique to characterize the fate of BC particles emitted from various geographical regions and sectors and their transport pathways to the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau (HTP). We show a comprehensive picture of the seasonal and regional dependence of BC source attributions, and find strong seasonal and spatial variations in BC-in-snow radiative forcing in the HTP that can be quantitatively attributed to the various regional/sectoral sources.
Final-revised paper