Articles | Volume 22, issue 17
Research article
07 Sep 2022
Research article |  | 07 Sep 2022

Comparison of middle- and low-latitude sodium layer from a ground-based lidar network, the Odin satellite, and WACCM–Na model

Bingkun Yu, Xianghui Xue, Christopher J. Scott, Mingjiao Jia, Wuhu Feng, John M. C. Plane, Daniel R. Marsh, Jonas Hedin, Jörg Gumbel, and Xiankang Dou

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Preprint withdrawn
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Cited articles

Andrioli, V., Xu, J., Batista, P., Pimenta, A., Resende, L., Savio, S., Fagundes, P., Yang, G., Jiao, J., Cheng, X., Wang, C., and Liu Z.: Nocturnal and seasonal variation of Na and K layers simultaneously observed in the MLT Region at 23 S, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 125, e2019JA027164,, 2020. a, b, c
Bowman, M., Gibson, A., and Sandford, M.: Atmospheric sodium measured by a tuned laser radar, Nature, 221, 456–457, 1969. a, b
Cai, X., Yuan, T., and Eccles, J. V.: A numerical investigation on tidal and gravity wave contributions to the summer time Na variations in the midlatitude E region, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 122, 10–577, 2017. a
Cai, X., Yuan, T., Eccles, J. V., Pedatella, N., Xi, X., Ban, C., and Liu, A. Z.: A numerical investigation on the variation of sodium ion and observed thermospheric sodium layer at Cerro Pachón, Chile during equinox, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 124, 10395–10414, 2019a. a, b, c
Cai, X., Yuan, T., Eccles, J. V., and Raizada, S.: Investigation on the distinct nocturnal secondary sodium layer behavior above 95 km in winter and summer over Logan, UT (41.7 N, 112 W) and Arecibo Observatory, PR (18.3 N, 67 W), J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 124, 9610–9625, 2019b. a, b, c, d
Short summary
We present a study on the climatology of the metal sodium layer in the upper atmosphere from the ground-based measurements obtained from a lidar network, the Odin satellite measurements, and a global model of meteoric sodium in the atmosphere. Comprehensively, comparisons show good agreement and some discrepancies between ground-based observations, satellite measurements, and global model simulations.
Final-revised paper