Articles | Volume 21, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2191–2210, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-2191-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2191–2210, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-2191-2021

Research article 15 Feb 2021

Research article | 15 Feb 2021

Ice injected into the tropopause by deep convection – Part 2: Over the Maritime Continent

Iris-Amata Dion et al.

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Cited articles

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Blakeslee, R. J.: Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) on TRMM Science Data 2004–2015, Dataset available online from the NASA Global Hydrology Resource Center DAAC, Huntsville, Alabama, USA, https://doi.org/10.5067/LIS/LIS/DATA201, 1998. 
Christian, H. J.: Algorithm theoretical basis document (ATBD) for the Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS), available at: https://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/atbd/atbd-lis-01.pdf (last access: 20 November 2020), 2000. 
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Short summary
Ice in the tropopause has a strong radiative effect on climate. The amount of ice injected (∆IWC) up to the tropical tropopause layer has been shown to be the highest over the Maritime Continent (MC), a region that includes Indonesia. ∆IWC is studied over islands and sea of the MC. Space-borne observations of ice, precipitation and lightning are used to estimate ∆IWC and are compared to ∆IWC estimated from the ERA5 reanalyses. It is shown that Java is the area of the greatest ∆IWC over the MC.
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