Articles | Volume 21, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2191–2210, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-2191-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2191–2210, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-2191-2021
Research article
15 Feb 2021
Research article | 15 Feb 2021

Ice injected into the tropopause by deep convection – Part 2: Over the Maritime Continent

Iris-Amata Dion et al.

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Short summary
Ice in the tropopause has a strong radiative effect on climate. The amount of ice injected (∆IWC) up to the tropical tropopause layer has been shown to be the highest over the Maritime Continent (MC), a region that includes Indonesia. ∆IWC is studied over islands and sea of the MC. Space-borne observations of ice, precipitation and lightning are used to estimate ∆IWC and are compared to ∆IWC estimated from the ERA5 reanalyses. It is shown that Java is the area of the greatest ∆IWC over the MC.
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