Articles | Volume 21, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2191–2210, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-2191-2021
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 2191–2210, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-2191-2021

Research article 15 Feb 2021

Research article | 15 Feb 2021

Ice injected into the tropopause by deep convection – Part 2: Over the Maritime Continent

Iris-Amata Dion et al.

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AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Anna Wenzel on behalf of the Authors (21 Feb 2020)  Author's response
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (21 Feb 2020) by Geraint Vaughan
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (12 Mar 2020)
RR by Michelle Santee (12 Apr 2020)
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (17 Apr 2020) by Geraint Vaughan
AR by Svenja Lange on behalf of the Authors (05 Jun 2020)  Author's response
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (16 Jun 2020) by Geraint Vaughan
RR by Michelle Santee (07 Jul 2020)
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (07 Jul 2020) by Geraint Vaughan
AR by Iris-Amata Dion on behalf of the Authors (13 Oct 2020)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (16 Oct 2020) by Geraint Vaughan
RR by Michelle Santee (24 Oct 2020)
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (24 Oct 2020) by Geraint Vaughan
AR by Katja Gänger on behalf of the Authors (19 Nov 2020)  Author's response
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (21 Nov 2020) by Geraint Vaughan
AR by Iris-Amata Dion on behalf of the Authors (26 Nov 2020)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (27 Nov 2020) by Geraint Vaughan
Short summary
Ice in the tropopause has a strong radiative effect on climate. The amount of ice injected (∆IWC) up to the tropical tropopause layer has been shown to be the highest over the Maritime Continent (MC), a region that includes Indonesia. ∆IWC is studied over islands and sea of the MC. Space-borne observations of ice, precipitation and lightning are used to estimate ∆IWC and are compared to ∆IWC estimated from the ERA5 reanalyses. It is shown that Java is the area of the greatest ∆IWC over the MC.
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