Articles | Volume 19, issue 13
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 8383–8397, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-8383-2019
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 8383–8397, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-8383-2019
Research article
02 Jul 2019
Research article | 02 Jul 2019

Large-scale dynamics of tropical cyclone formation associated with ITCZ breakdown

Quan Wang et al.

Related subject area

Subject: Dynamics | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

Agee, E. M.: Note on itcz wave disturbances and formation of tropical storm anna, Mon. Weather Rev., 100, 733–737, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1972)100<0733:NOIWDA>2.3.CO;2, 1972. a
Aiyyer, A. R. and Molinari, J.: Evolution of mixed rossby-gravity waves in idealized mjo environments. J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 2837–2855, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(2003)060<2837:EOMRWI>2.0.CO;2, 2003. a
Avila, L. A. and Pasch, R. J.: Atlantic tropical systems of 1991, Mon. Weather Rev., 120, 2688–2696, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1992)120<2688:ATSO>2.0.CO;2, 1992. a
Bister, M. and Emanuel, K. A.: The genesis of hurricane guillermo: Texmex analyses and a modeling study, Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2662–2682, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2662:TGOHGT>2.0.CO;2, 1997. 
Charney, J. G. and DeVore, J. G.: Multiple flow equilibria in the atmosphere and blocking, J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 1205–1216, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1979)036<1205:MFEITA>2.0.CO;2, 1979. a, b
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This study presents an analytical model to study large-scale tropical cyclone (TC) formation that can help us understand the maximum capacity of the Earth's atmosphere to produce TCs. Using a barotropic model for the intertropical convergence zone and recent advances in nonlinear dynamical transition, it is found that the Earth's atmosphere can support a limited number of TCs at any given time (<12) in the current climate, thus providing new theoretical insights into the TC formation process.
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