Articles | Volume 18, issue 13
Research article
02 Jul 2018
Research article |  | 02 Jul 2018

A statistical examination of the effects of stratospheric sulfate geoengineering on tropical storm genesis

Qin Wang, John C. Moore, and Duoying Ji

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Cited articles

Bala, G., Duffy, P. B., and Taylor, K. E.: Impact of geoengineering schemes on the global hydrological cycle, P. Natl. Acad. Sci., 105, 7664–7669,, 2008.
Balaguru, K., Foltz, G. R., Leung, L. R., Asaro, E. D', Gabriel, K. A., Liu, H., and Zedler, S. E.: Dynamic Potential Intensity: An improved representation of the ocean's impact on tropical cyclones, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 6739–6746, 2015.
Bentsen, M., Bethke, I., Debernard, J. B., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Seland, Ø., Drange, H., Roelandt, C., Seierstad, I. A., Hoose, C., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M – Part 1: Description and basic evaluation of the physical climate, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 687–720,, 2013.
Bister, M. and Emanuel, K. A.: The genesis of Hurricane Guillermo: TEXMEX analyses and a modeling study, Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 2662–2682, 1997.
Bister, M. and Emanuel, K. A.: Dissipative heating and hurricane intensity, Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 65, 233–240, 1998.
Short summary
(1) Genesis potential and ventilation indices are assessed in 6 ESMs running RCP4.5 and G4, in 6 tropical cyclone genesis basins. (2) Genesis potential is reasonably well parameterized by simple surface temperature, but other factors are important in different basins and models such as relative humidity and wind shear. (3) The Northern Hemisphere basins behave rather differently from the southern ones, and these dominate TC statistics. G4 leads to significantly fewer TCs globally than RCP4.5.
Final-revised paper