Articles | Volume 16, issue 24
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-15619-2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-15619-2016
Research article
 | 
20 Dec 2016
Research article |  | 20 Dec 2016

Antarctic ozone depletion between 1960 and 1980 in observations and chemistry–climate model simulations

Ulrike Langematz, Franziska Schmidt, Markus Kunze, Gregory E. Bodeker, and Peter Braesicke

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Cited articles

Bodeker, G. E., and Waugh, D. W. (Lead Authors), Akiyoshi, H., Braesicke, P., Eyring, V., Fahey, D. W., Manzini, E., Newchurch, M. J., Portmann, R. W., Robock, A., Shine, K. P., Steinbrecht, W., and Weatherhead, E. C.: The Ozone Layer in the 21st Century, in: chap. 6 in Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2006, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project – Report No. 50, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2007.
Bodeker, G. E., Shiona, H., and Eskes, H.: Indicators of Antarctic ozone depletion, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 2603–2615, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-5-2603-2005, 2005.
Braesicke, P., Keeble, J., Yang, X., Stiller, G., Kellmann, S., Abraham, N. L., Archibald, A., Telford, P., and Pyle, J. A.: Circulation anomalies in the Southern Hemisphere and ozone changes, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10677–10688, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-10677-2013, 2013.
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Short summary
The extent of anthropogenically driven Antarctic ozone depletion prior to 1980 is examined using transient chemistry–climate model simulations from 1960 to 2000 with prescribed changes of ozone depleting substances in conjunction with observations. All models show a long-term, halogen-induced negative trend in Antarctic ozone from 1960 to 1980, ranging between 26 and 50 % of the total anthropogenic ozone depletion from 1960 to 2000. A stronger ozone decline of 56 % was estimated from observation.
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