Articles | Volume 14, issue 20
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-11287-2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-11287-2014
Research article
 | 
27 Oct 2014
Research article |  | 27 Oct 2014

An important mechanism sustaining the atmospheric "water tower" over the Tibetan Plateau

X. Xu, T. Zhao, C. Lu, Y. Guo, B. Chen, R. Liu, Y. Li, and X. Shi

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Subject: Dynamics | Research Activity: Field Measurements | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
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Cited articles

An, Z., Kutzbach, J., Prell, W., and Porter, S.: Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalaya-Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times, Nature 411, 62–66, 2001.
Boos, W. R. and Kuang, Z.: Dominant control of the South Asian monsoon by orographic insulation versus plateau heating, Nature, 463, 218–222, 2010.
Charney, J. G. and Eliassen, A.: On the growth of the hurricane depression, J. Atmos. Sci., 21, 68–75, 1964.
Ding, Y. H.: Monsoons over China, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London, 1994.
Duan, A. M. and Wu, G. X.: Role of the Tibetan Plateau thermal forcing in the summer climate patterns over subtropical Asia, Clim. Dynam., 24, 793–807, 2005.
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Short summary
The Tibetan Plateau (TP) with its thermal structure leads to dynamic processes of vapor transport, similar to the CISK mechanism of tropical cyclones. Two CISK-like processes, contiguous horizontally but staggered vertically, in two ladders over the southern slopes and main platform of the TP relay the moist air over the TP. An integration of mechanical and thermal TP forcing is revealed in relation to the Asian summer monsoon circulation transporting water vapor from tropical oceans to the TP.
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