Articles | Volume 16, issue 7
Research article
07 Apr 2016
Research article |  | 07 Apr 2016

The vertical distribution of volcanic SO2 plumes measured by IASI

Elisa Carboni, Roy G. Grainger, Tamsin A. Mather, David M. Pyle, Gareth E. Thomas, Richard Siddans, Andrew J. A. Smith, Anu Dudhia, Mariliza E. Koukouli, and Dimitrios Balis

Related authors

Singular Vector Decomposition (SVD) of satellite datasets: relation between cloud properties and climate indices
Elisa Carboni, Gareth E. Thomas, Richard Siddans, and Brian Kerridge
Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,,, 2023
Preprint under review for AMT
Short summary
The evolution and dynamics of the Hunga Tonga–Hunga Ha'apai sulfate aerosol plume in the stratosphere
Bernard Legras, Clair Duchamp, Pasquale Sellitto, Aurélien Podglajen, Elisa Carboni, Richard Siddans, Jens-Uwe Grooß, Sergey Khaykin, and Felix Ploeger
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 14957–14970,,, 2022
Short summary
New strategies for vertical transport in chemistry transport models: application to the case of the Mount Etna eruption on 18 March 2012 with CHIMERE v2017r4
Mathieu Lachatre, Sylvain Mailler, Laurent Menut, Solène Turquety, Pasquale Sellitto, Henda Guermazi, Giuseppe Salerno, Tommaso Caltabiano, and Elisa Carboni
Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 5707–5723,,, 2020
Short summary
Cloud_cci ATSR-2 and AATSR data set version 3: a 17-year climatology of global cloud and radiation properties
Caroline A. Poulsen, Gregory R. McGarragh, Gareth E. Thomas, Martin Stengel, Matthew W. Christensen, Adam C. Povey, Simon R. Proud, Elisa Carboni, Rainer Hollmann, and Roy G. Grainger
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 2121–2135,,, 2020
Short summary
Unified quantitative observation of coexisting volcanic sulfur dioxide and sulfate aerosols using ground-based Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Pasquale Sellitto, Henda Guermazi, Elisa Carboni, Richard Siddans, and Mike Burton
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 5381–5389,,, 2019
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Gases | Research Activity: Remote Sensing | Altitude Range: Troposphere | Science Focus: Physics (physical properties and processes)
Quantifying effects of long-range transport of NO2 over Delhi using back trajectories and satellite data
Ailish M. Graham, Richard J. Pope, Martyn P. Chipperfield, Sandip S. Dhomse, Matilda Pimlott, Wuhu Feng, Vikas Singh, Ying Chen, Oliver Wild, Ranjeet Sokhi, and Gufran Beig
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 789–806,,, 2024
Short summary
Measurement report: Ammonia in Paris derived from ground-based open-path and satellite observations
Camille Viatte, Nadir Guendouz, Clarisse Dufaux, Arjan Hensen, Daan Swart, Martin Van Damme, Lieven Clarisse, Pierre Coheur, and Cathy Clerbaux
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 15253–15267,,, 2023
Short summary
Anthropogenic CO2 emission estimates in the Tokyo metropolitan area from ground-based CO2 column observations
Hirofumi Ohyama, Matthias M. Frey, Isamu Morino, Kei Shiomi, Masahide Nishihashi, Tatsuya Miyauchi, Hiroko Yamada, Makoto Saito, Masanobu Wakasa, Thomas Blumenstock, and Frank Hase
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 15097–15119,,, 2023
Short summary
Characterizing the tropospheric water vapor spatial variation and trend using 2007–2018 COSMIC radio occultation and ECMWF reanalysis data
Xi Shao, Shu-Peng Ho, Xin Jing, Xinjia Zhou, Yong Chen, Tung-Chang Liu, Bin Zhang, and Jun Dong
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 14187–14218,,, 2023
Short summary
Detecting nitrogen oxide emissions in Qatar and quantifying emission factors of gas-fired power plants – a 4-year study
Anthony Rey-Pommier, Frédéric Chevallier, Philippe Ciais, Jonilda Kushta, Theodoros Christoudias, I. Safak Bayram, and Jean Sciare
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 13565–13583,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Aiuppa, A., Cannata, A., Cannavo, F., Di Grazia, G., Ferrari, F., Giudice, G., Gurrieri, S., Liuzzo, M., Mattia, M., Montalto, P., Patan, D., and Puglisi, G.: Patterns in the recent 2007–2008 activity of Mount Etna volcano investigated by integrated geophysical and geochemical observations, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 11, Q09008,, 2010.
Behncke, B., Branca, S., Corsaro, R., De Beni, E., Miraglia, L., and Proietti, C.: The 2011–2012 summit activity of Mount Etna: birth, growth and products of the new SE crater, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 270, 10–21,, 2014.
Bignami, C., Corradini, S., Merucci, L., De Michele, M., Raucoules, D., De Astis, G., Stramondo, S., and Piedra, J.: Multisensor satellite monitoring of the 2011 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Eruption, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Appl., 7, 2786,, 2014.
Biondi, R., Steiner, A., Kirchengast, G., Hugues Brenot, H., and Therese Rieckh, T.: A novel technique including GPS radio occultation for detecting and monitoring volcanic clouds, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.,, in review, 2016.
Bitar, L., Duck, T., Kristiansen, N., Stohl, A., and Beauchamp, S.: Lidar observations of Kasatochi volcano aerosols in the troposphere and stratosphere, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 115, D00L13,, 2010.
Short summary
The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) can be used to study volcanic emission of sulfur dioxide (SO2), returning both SO2 amount and altitude data. The series of analyzed eruptions (2008 to 2012) show that the biggest emitter of volcanic SO2 was Nabro, followed by Kasatochi and Grimsvotn. Our observations also show a tendency for volcanic SO2 to reach the level of the tropopause. This tendency was independent of the maximum amount of SO2 and of the volcanic explosive index.
Final-revised paper