Articles | Volume 16, issue 7
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 4343–4367, 2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 4343–4367, 2016
Research article
07 Apr 2016
Research article | 07 Apr 2016

The vertical distribution of volcanic SO2 plumes measured by IASI

Elisa Carboni et al.

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Cited articles

Aiuppa, A., Cannata, A., Cannavo, F., Di Grazia, G., Ferrari, F., Giudice, G., Gurrieri, S., Liuzzo, M., Mattia, M., Montalto, P., Patan, D., and Puglisi, G.: Patterns in the recent 2007–2008 activity of Mount Etna volcano investigated by integrated geophysical and geochemical observations, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 11, Q09008,, 2010.
Behncke, B., Branca, S., Corsaro, R., De Beni, E., Miraglia, L., and Proietti, C.: The 2011–2012 summit activity of Mount Etna: birth, growth and products of the new SE crater, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 270, 10–21,, 2014.
Bignami, C., Corradini, S., Merucci, L., De Michele, M., Raucoules, D., De Astis, G., Stramondo, S., and Piedra, J.: Multisensor satellite monitoring of the 2011 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Eruption, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Appl., 7, 2786,, 2014.
Biondi, R., Steiner, A., Kirchengast, G., Hugues Brenot, H., and Therese Rieckh, T.: A novel technique including GPS radio occultation for detecting and monitoring volcanic clouds, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.,, in review, 2016.
Bitar, L., Duck, T., Kristiansen, N., Stohl, A., and Beauchamp, S.: Lidar observations of Kasatochi volcano aerosols in the troposphere and stratosphere, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 115, D00L13,, 2010.
Short summary
The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) can be used to study volcanic emission of sulfur dioxide (SO2), returning both SO2 amount and altitude data. The series of analyzed eruptions (2008 to 2012) show that the biggest emitter of volcanic SO2 was Nabro, followed by Kasatochi and Grimsvotn. Our observations also show a tendency for volcanic SO2 to reach the level of the tropopause. This tendency was independent of the maximum amount of SO2 and of the volcanic explosive index.
Final-revised paper