Articles | Volume 16, issue 20
Research article
19 Oct 2016
Research article |  | 19 Oct 2016

How can we understand the global distribution of the solar cycle signal on the Earth's surface?

Kunihiko Kodera, Rémi Thiéblemont, Seiji Yukimoto, and Katja Matthes

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Cited articles

Andrews, M. B., Knight, J. R., and Gray, L. J.: A simulated lagged response of the North Atlantic Oscillation to the solar cycle over the period 1960–2009, Environ. Res. Lett., 10, 054022,, 2015.
Ashok, K., Behera, S. K., Rao, S. A., Weng, H., and Yamagata, T.: El Niño Modoki and its possible teleconnection, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C11007,, 2007.
Baldwin, M. P. and Dunkerton, T. J.: The solar cycle and stratosphere–troposphere dynamical coupling, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phy., 67, 71–82, 2005.
Blume, C., Matthes K., and Horenko I.: Supervised learning approaches to classify sudden stratospheric warming events, J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 1824–1840, 2012.
Short summary
The spatial structure of the solar cycle signals on the Earth's surface is analysed to identify the mechanisms. Both tropical and extratropical solar surface signals can result from circulation changes in the upper stratosphere through (i) a downward migration of wave zonal mean flow interactions and (ii) changes in the stratospheric mean meridional circulation. Amplification of the solar signal also occurs through interaction with the ocean.
Final-revised paper