Articles | Volume 16, issue 20
Research article
19 Oct 2016
Research article |  | 19 Oct 2016

How can we understand the global distribution of the solar cycle signal on the Earth's surface?

Kunihiko Kodera, Rémi Thiéblemont, Seiji Yukimoto, and Katja Matthes


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Discussed (final revised paper)

Latest update: 03 Oct 2023
Short summary
The spatial structure of the solar cycle signals on the Earth's surface is analysed to identify the mechanisms. Both tropical and extratropical solar surface signals can result from circulation changes in the upper stratosphere through (i) a downward migration of wave zonal mean flow interactions and (ii) changes in the stratospheric mean meridional circulation. Amplification of the solar signal also occurs through interaction with the ocean.
Final-revised paper