Articles | Volume 22, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 2079–2093, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-2079-2022
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 2079–2093, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-2079-2022
Research article
15 Feb 2022
Research article | 15 Feb 2022

From the middle stratosphere to the surface, using nitrous oxide to constrain the stratosphere–troposphere exchange of ozone

Daniel J. Ruiz and Michael J. Prather

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Subject: Gases | Research Activity: Atmospheric Modelling | Altitude Range: Stratosphere | Science Focus: Chemistry (chemical composition and reactions)
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Cited articles

Appenzeller, C., Holton, J. R., and Rosenlof, K. H.: Seasonal variation of mass transport across the tropopause, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 101, 15071–15078, https://doi.org/10.1029/96JD00821, 1996. 
Butterbach-Bahl, K., Baggs, E. M., Dannenmann, M., Kiese, R., and Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S.: Nitrous oxide emissions from soils: how well do we understand the processes and their controls?, Philos. T. R. Soc. B, 368, 20130122, https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2013.0122, 2013. 
Dlugokencky, E. J., Crotwell, A. M., Mund, J. W., Crotwell, M. J., and Thoning, K. W.: Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide Dry Air Mole Fractions from the NOAA ESRL Carbon Cycle Cooperative Global Air Sampling Network, 1997–2018, Version: 2019-07, https://doi.org/10.15138/53g1-x417, 2019. 
Gettelman, A., Holton, J. R., and Rosenlof, K. H.: Mass fluxes of O3, CH4, N2O and CF2Cl2 in the lower stratosphere calculated from observational data, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 102, 19149–19159, https://doi.org/10.1029/97jd01014, 1997. 
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Short summary
The stratosphere is an important source of tropospheric ozone, which affects climate, chemistry, and air quality, but is extremely difficult to quantify given the large production and loss terms in the troposphere. Here, we use other gases that are well observed and quantified as a reference to test our simulations of ozone transport in the atmosphere. This allows us to better constrain the stratospheric source of ozone and also offers guidance to improve future simulations of ozone transport.
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