Articles | Volume 19, issue 4
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 2655–2669, 2019
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 2655–2669, 2019

Research article 28 Feb 2019

Research article | 28 Feb 2019

Implication of tropical lower stratospheric cooling in recent trends in tropical circulation and deep convective activity

Kunihiko Kodera et al.

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Cited articles

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Short summary
The recent cooling of the equatorial eastern Pacific Ocean occurred in conjunction with enhanced cross-equatorial southerlies associated with a strengthening of the boreal summer Hadley circulation. A combination of land surface warming and reduced static stability in the tropical tropopause layer due to stratospheric cooling is suggested to have caused the increase in the deep ascending branch of the Hadley circulation and related recent decadal change in the tropical troposphere and ocean.
Final-revised paper