Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3879–3889, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-3879-2017

Special issue: The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP):...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 3879–3889, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-3879-2017

Review article 21 Mar 2017

Review article | 21 Mar 2017

Sulfate geoengineering: a review of the factors controlling the needed injection of sulfur dioxide

Daniele Visioni et al.

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Cited articles

Aquila, V., Oman, L. D., Stolarski, R., Douglass, A. R., and Newman, P. A.: The Response of Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide to the Eruption of Mt. Pinatubo at Southern and Northern Midlatitudes, J. Atmos. Sci., 70, 894–900, 2013.
Aquila, V., Garfinkel, C., Newman, P., Oman, L., and Waugh, D.: Modifications of the quasi-biennial oscillation by a geoengineering perturbation of the stratospheric aerosol layer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 1738–1744, 2014a.
Aquila, V., Pitari, G., Tilmes, S., Cionni, I., De Luca, N., Di Genova, G., and Iachetti, D.: Sensitivity of Methane Lifetime and Transport to Sulfate Geoengineering, in: Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 15–19 December, Abstract GC13I-0787, http://abstractsearch.agu.org/meetings/2014/FM/A23J-3389.html, 2014b.
Budyko, M. I.: The Climate of the Future, American Geophysical Union, https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118665251.ch7, 2013.
Canty, T., Mascioli, N. R., Smarte, M. D., and Salawitch, R. J.: An empirical model of global climate – Part 1: A critical evaluation of volcanic cooling, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 3997–4031, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-3997-2013, 2013.
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Short summary
This review paper summarizes the state-of-the-art knowledge of the direct and indirect side effects of sulfate geoengineering, that is, the injection of sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere in order to offset the warming caused by the anthropic increase in greenhouse gasses. An overview of the various effects and their uncertainties, using results from published scientific articles, may help fine-tune the best amount of sulfate to be injected in an eventual realization of the experiment.
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