Articles | Volume 16, issue 21
Research article
31 Oct 2016
Research article |  | 31 Oct 2016

Composition and oxidation state of sulfur in atmospheric particulate matter

Amelia F. Longo, David J. Vine, Laura E. King, Michelle Oakes, Rodney J. Weber, Lewis Gregory Huey, Armistead G. Russell, and Ellery D. Ingall

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Cited articles

Alexander, B., Park, R. J., Jacob, D. J., Li, Q. B., and Yantosca, R. M.: Sulfate formation in sea-salt aerosols: Constraints from oxygen isotopes, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D10307,, 2005.
Andersson, J. T., Hegazi, A. H., and Roberz, B.: Polycyclic aromatic sulfur heterocycles as information carriers in environmental studies, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 386, 891–905,, 2006.
Bajt, S., Clark, S. B., Sutton, S. R., Rivers, M. L., and Smith, J. V.: Synchrotron X-ray microprobe determination of chromate content using X-ray-Absorption Near-Edge Structure, Anal. Chem., 65, 1800–1804,, 1993.
Bao, L. M., Lin, J., Liu, W., Lu, W. Z., Zhang, G. L., Li, Y., Ma, C. Y., Zhao, Y. D., He, W., and Hu, T. D.: Investigation of sulfur speciation in particles from small coal-burning boiler by XANES spectroscopy, Chinese Phys. C, 33, 1001–1005, 2009.
Bauer, H., Kasper-Giebl, A., Loflund, M., Giebl, H., Hitzenberger, R., Zibuschka, F., and Puxbaum, H.: The contribution of bacteria and fungal spores to the organic carbon content of cloud water, precipitation and aerosols, Atmos. Res., 64, 109–119,, 2002.
Short summary
New synchrotron-based techniques were applied to characterize the oxidation state and composition of sulfur in ambient aerosol and emission sources. Individual particles were found to contain surprisingly high levels of elemental sulfur, a form of sulfur found in only one of the emission sources analyzed. We also show metal sulfates as a key component of urban aerosols. These metal sulfate phases are highly soluble and are indicative of acidic processes transforming metals in the environment.
Final-revised paper